Common hazards and its characteristics

common hazards and its characteristics

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    ************* ******

    ****

    ******* ******

    *******

    INSTRUCTOR'S NAME:

    ****

    OF ***********

    ********

    ****** ******* Hazards

    ***

    ***

    characteristics

    The

    *********

    ***

    common

    *******

    ********

    Floods:

    ***

    inundation ** extensive **** **** **** water

    for

    ******* **** ** ************* ******** **

    associated

    **** significant rise ** ***** ***** ** * ****** lake reservoir *** Coastal *******

    *******

    *** **** **** * speed ******* ** *** 55 knots ******** *** ******* ***** ******

    **

    *********** *********

    *******

    sea ****** ********** **** *** waves and ***** great **** **

    life

    and ****** ** ********* *********** Large-scale closed-circulation system in *** **********

    *****

    *** western Atlantic with *** ********** ******** and ****** winds **** ****** ********* **

    ****

    ******** ********** *** **************** ** the ******** hemisphere ********** ****

    ********

    of ******** origin **** *** wind ***** ** ** ***** ****** * *********

    is

    * ****** ******** ***** while *** ***** **** ****** *

    relatively

    **** ****** called *** ****************** ******* a hurricane ***** ******* **** ***** storms are ***** ** “typhoons”

    in

    **** Western ******* “cyclones” in the Indian ***** *** ********************* ** *** ************ ********

    eruptions:

    an ***** ****** ** ****** **** **** ***** **** * ***** distance ****** cooling

    and

    solidifying The ******** ** ******** ****** *** vent which ****** **** Pressure

    ***

    ******* ** * ****** ** ******* ****** where * *********** ******** ** ejected Droughts:

    a

    naturally ********* ********** **** ****** when ************* *** ************* below normal ****** ******* *****

    *****

    to **** *** vegetation to die ***** ** extended ****** ** *** ******* ******* *****

    ******

    **** ******** *** ***** ** ************ ****** ***** ****** *****

    supply

    shortage) in a ********** *********** ** ******* all varieties ** ***** ******** ***** the

    *********

    ** ******** **** ******** the term ****** ** ********** ******** ** **** *** ***** *******

    *****

    *** or several slide ********* *********** Tectonic ****** caused

    **

    *********** ******* ********** ** *** ******** *** *** earth ** ********** ** *

    motion

    ** the ground ******* ranging **** * ***** ****** *** * **** ******

    *******

    ** shaking ********* apart and causing

    ******

    ******** ** **** on *** ****** An earthquake ** a **** **

    ******

    **** ****** transmitted ******* **** *** surface ***** ** *** ***** ** ******** circles from a *****

    of

    ****** energy release **** focus *************** ** ******** Hazard ****** *** ** discussed ********* **

    *******

    ******** ** ********** ********* ******** ***** extent * speed of ***** ******* ********** ***

    temporal

    spacing These ********** define a hazard *** *** ********* *** type ** ******** **** ********* or ********

    A)

    Magnitude:

    *********

    *** strength **

    force

    ** an ***** To assess **** magnitude one must ***** have

    *

    ******** for ********** In *** **** ** floods **** ******* *** ********* **

    often

    ********* ** *** ******* ****** ** flood ****** above ******* *** level ***** *****

    **

    ****** *****

    ******

    For ******* ****** the ********* *** ******** ** the Richter ***** ***** is

    **

    ******** ** the ****** of energy ******** *** ** earthquake But *** ******** ** **

    *****

    *** also ** measured ** **** **** it **** ******** characteristics ********* ******** *

    ******

    ******* ** *** ******** ** ** ****** ***** on *** ********** human ********** ** **

    For

    ******* *** ******** Mercalli ***** ******** *** ********* ** earthquakes ***** ** damage ** ********** ***

    the

    human ********** ** *** ***** *** ********** *** ************** ***** is * ******* ** ***** ********* ***

    *********

    It ********* ********* strength *** impact ***** ** * *********** ***** **** Category

    *

    hurricanes ****** ** *** most severe *** ************ ** ********** describes how *****

    an

    event of * ***** ********* or intensity ******* This *** ** ***** ** ***********

    *****

    **** as ******************** ** **************** or in more quantitative ********* **** as recurrence *********

    For

    ****** * ********** interval ** 10 years ******** that ** *** year *

    *****

    ** **** magnitude *** a 1 ** ** ***** chance *** occurring

    **

    Duration: ** another ******** ********* **** describes *** long ** ***** ********* **** ***

    *****

    from ******* as ***** ** ******* ******* for ** earthquake ** ******* as **** as *******

    **

    **** *** ******* floods *** **** for ***** and ******* *** ****** **

    Areal

    ******* is * ******* ** *** ***** ******* ** ** ***** **** ******* **** a ******* or *

    *****

    ********

    *****

    *** **** * ***** ***** ******* ****** such as ******** *** ***** nuclear

    *********

    (like *** one ** Chernobyl in 1986) ****** ***** *********** ******* while * ***** ** a

    ****

    flow *** ***** **** ******** of land E) Speed ** rate ** onset: ****** ** ***

    ******

    ** **** between *** ***** ********** of **** ***** *** its **** ** *** ***** ** *****

    *****

    events **** ** ********* *********** and ******* power plant accidents ** slow onset ******* **** ** ****

    erosion

    ********* *** ******* The speed of ***** ** * risk characteristic **** is

    crucial

    in ******* to avoid some ** *** ***** ******* ** ******* Indeed **** of

    modern

    risk ********** ******* ** geared ****** ********* our ability ** ****** ***** of ** ********* ****** ***** ***

    *****

    as possible ** ** ** ****** *** **** between signal ********* *** *** **** ** ****

    event

    for ******* *** ******** ********** vulnerable populations F) ******* ********** ****** ** the ************

    **

    ******* **** *** ***** in ***** ***** *** ***** ******* distribution ** * ****** ******* of

    ***

    ********* ** hazards because it differentiates ******* ******* **** ***** ****** a ********** ******

    ***

    those **** **** **** ********** For example although ********* *** ***** **** ***** anywhere **

    ****

    *** ** **** ********* occur ** *** ************* belt" ** *** Central Plains **** ***** *** Nebraska

    *******

    *** **** ***** *** ******* **** **** *********

    ******

    ** *********** **** ***** ******* ** ******** spacing: ********* *** sequencing and *********** ** ******

    ****

    ******** *** quite random ** ***** ****** (industrial ********* volcanic ********** whereas ****** ******* ****

    a

    ******** ** regular *********** ********** *********** *** ************* ** ******** ******* *** ******

    **********

    *** ***** clear; if *** can expect certain hazards ** be **** ******

    **

    ******* seasons ** ** ********** ******* ********* *** can *** ***** ** communicate *** **** **

    ***********

    ******** *********** ** * ****** ****** **** mount *** ********* ******* ** *****

    ***

    to respond ****

    *******

    *** *********** ** *** ********* ******** ********* ******* *** **** more ***********

    **

    ********** response agencies because **** ******* * *** ***** ** ************ **

    all

    ***** *** the rare **** **** ******** quick ********* *** *********

    responses

    h) ********* refers ** the nature ** ******** ***** is ** ********* concern **

    *********

    risk and mitigating the ****** ** ******* *** example is ******** ********* or involuntary? **** ****

    *************

    ******* we **** ****** ******* **** ******* *** *** we *** exposed ** *****

    **

    *** neither ******* *** ******* *** **** earthquakes *** *** other **** ** do ****

    ****

    degree ** ****** *************** about ***** ** ***** (eg ***********

    *******

    regions) what **** of food ** *** *** *********** *** commercially ***** produce) ** ****

    *****

    ** ********** we ****** ** *** scuba ****** using

    *****

    or ******** **** ******** ****** our vulnerability ** **** ******** ***** *************** ** hazard ******

    ***

    significant **** measured ** ***** of *** ***** ** response **** ******** **

    ******

    ** ***** seven characteristics *** **** ******* *** ********* ** it denotes

    ***

    ********* *************** ** * hazardous ***** ******* *** ************* References **** ** ** **** ** *********

    ***

    ** Scott ****** ********** Hazards New ***** **************** ****** ****** * ****** ******* Hazards New

    *****

    ********* ********** ****** Burton Ian Robert W ***** *** ******* * White ******

    ***

    *********** *** Hazard *** ***** ****** ********** Press ******** ******* * ******* *

    Forbes

    * Willard ****** and ****** * ******** **** ****** ******* and Technological **********

    Causes

    Effects and Preventative ******** Easton: ************ Academy ** ******** ***** ******* F (editor) ******

    *******

    Hazards: ***** National ****** *** ****** Oxford ********** *****

    Buy

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