Hello this assignment is not that complicated you just have to find the answers from the slide of week 7 and week 8 that I have attached. I have also attached the assignment question paper . this assi

www.50by30.org A Green Plan for Manitoba vision: To increase Manitoba’s renewable energy use to 50% (from the present 30%) by 2030 without increasing global GHGs. no single sector can do this alone • spend more of our money here • reduce our greenhouse gases • grow our green industries • Increase our use of renewable energy Why 50 by ‘30? RED Strategy: - R enewables • hydro • geothermal • biomass • solar • wind - E nergy efficiency gains - D emand reduction programs How will we get to 50 by ‘30 ? How will we pay for 50 by 30? WE’RE ALREADY SPENDING THE MONEY • $ 1B - natural gas • $4B - gasoline & diesel electricity electric heat industrial natural gas gasoline & diesel To date energy sources fossil fuels renewables 1990 2009 229 PJ 262 PJ coal oil natural gas hydro To date wind biomass solar geothermal energy sources oil 1990 2009 229 PJ 262 PJ coal oil natural gas hydro If current trends continue wind biomass solar geothermal energy sources 1990 2030 2009 229 PJ 262 PJ ~316 PJ coal oil natural gas hydro A Green Plan wind biomass solar geothermal hydro wind biomass solar geothermal natural gas refined oil products (gas & diesel) coal, propane & derivatives energy sources 1990 2030 2009 229 PJ 262 PJ ~316 PJ Unrealistic? Look at just one example: 0 2,500 5,000 7,500 10,000 1983 1988 1991 1995 1999 2003 2007 2011 Ground -Source Heat Pumps Units Installed NFAT -Manitoba needs to look at our overall energy future, not only a focus on less or more hydro -What is the NEED FOR? - Serious Efficiency and Demand Reduction Goals – i.e. a DSM program (DUNSKY report) - Growth of Biomass/Solar/Geothermal heating - Reduction in use of non -renewable energy - Economic growth opportunities - Reduction in GHGs 50by30 - A Green Plan Manitoba needs an energy policy…with meaningful targets. a few examples • Vermont • North Dakota • Denmark (100 by 50!) • USA (25 by 25) • British Columbia 50by30 – Manitoba’s Energy Policy? - The numbers can vary, but the point is to set a target, a vision, a direction - A plan WITH targets provides a context for all energy decision making - Why build a new dam? - Why reduce natural gas usage? - Why increase efficiency goals? Without a goal…we float on trends …And limited imaginations as to what can be achieved BC’s Clean Energy Act … The Clean Energy Act also raises the bar for BC Hydro’s reliance on demand -side measures. Demand - side management (DSM) is crucial for meeting the Act’s requirement to meet 66 per cent of all new power demand through conservation by 2020 . NFAT Analysis -NOT about technology battles -NOT about more dams or oil wells -MUST be about long term, comprehensive planning and thinking which prioritizes: - Local Economic Growth - Environmental Protection - Social Health -Needs to examine alternatives to electric generation and heating Technologies Renewables Efficiency Demand electricity - large -scale hydro - small -scale hydro - wind - photovoltaic solar - PowerSmart - PAYS - LEDs - fluorescents - lighting design heating - geothermal - solar wall - water -based solar - biomass (BEN) o policy o supply o demand o education - PowerSmart - PAYS - high -efficiency boilers & furnaces - insulation - building retrofits - building design - passive solar transportation - hybrid vehicles - low -fossil fuels - electric vehicles o electrification infrastructure - transit - mileage standards o truck engine design - truck aerodynamic enhancements - airships - goods -transit efficiencies - carsharing - carpooling - biking - urban design - rural design Recommedations 1. Focus on building an energy policy for Manitoba with targets – including: - R E D - Multiple technological solutions - Community involvement and benefit 2. Combine agendas – eg . Lake Winnipeg clean up and biomass fuel connection Targets 1. DSM to at least match BC 2. Replace electric heat with geothermal, biomass and solar 3. Limit growth of natural gas with biomass heat 4. Invest in developing other renewable energy sectors 5. Develop more Wind and Solar capacity Renewable, Sustainable, Profitable