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# Cardiovascular Disease Obesity is an important determinant of cardiovascular disease because it directly affects several established cardiovascular...

**Cardiovascular Disease**

Obesity is an important determinant of cardiovascular disease

because it directly affects several established cardiovascular

risk factors, including hypertension and diabetes.

It is estimated that the average weight for an 18-year-old

woman is 123 lbs. and increases to 142 lbs. at 50 years

of age. Also, let us assume that the average SBP for a

50-year-old woman is 125 mm Hg, with a standard deviation

of 15 mm Hg, and that SBP is normally distributed.

**5.72 **Suppose an average woman did not gain any weight

from age 18 to 50. What average SBP for 50-year-old

women would be expected under these assumptions?

**5.73 **If the standard deviation of SBP under the assumption

in Problem 5.72 remained the same (15 mm Hg), and the

distribution of SBP remained normal, then what would be

the expected proportion of hypertensive women under the

assumption in Problem 5.72?

**5.74 **What percentage of hypertension at age 50 is attributable

to the weight gain from age 18 to 50?