Chap 20 Empire and Wars

 

QUESTION 1

1.      American “jingoism” was a response to the

 

 

perceived inferiority of nonwhite peoples.

 

 

demand for Christian missionaries in China.

 

 

late nineteenth-century masculinity crisis.

 

 

lengthy campaign for women's suffrage.

4 points   

QUESTION 2

1.      Despite their differences, Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson both believed that

 

 

participation in a war was key to the development of true masculinity.

 

 

nations should work collectively to preserve international peace and stability.

 

 

the United States had the right to intervene in the affairs of other nations.

 

 

it was imperative for the United States to gain access to the China market.

4 points   

QUESTION 3

1.      During World War I, the song “Over There” and the films produced by the Committee on Public Information both conveyed the message that

 

 

there would be no tolerance of sedition during wartime.

 

 

German Americans were dangerous and had to be watched.

 

 

the U.S. military was essential to the Allies' victory.

 

 

the Central Powers would be defeated easily.

4 points   

QUESTION 4

1.      During his last eighteen months in office, Woodrow Wilson

 

 

worked tirelessly to rally public support for the Versailles treaty.

 

 

convinced Congress to support his vision of the League of Nations.

 

 

was convinced that Congress should retain the right to declare war.

 

 

largely withdrew from active participation in political debates.

4 points   

QUESTION 5

1.      How many American men were drafted to fight in the Great War before its end?

 

 

500,000

 

 

1 million

 

 

2 million

 

 

3 million

4 points   

QUESTION 6

1.      In order to conserve fuel for the war effort, the Wilson administration established

 

 

the eight-hour workday.

 

 

meatless Tuesdays.

 

 

school gardens.

 

 

daylight savings time.

4 points   

QUESTION 7

1.      In which of the following ways did home-front mobilization transform women's lives during World War I?

 

 

Women entered the paid workforce in unprecedented numbers.

 

 

Working women began to earn salaries equal to those of men.

 

 

Women were freed of the responsibility for housework and childcare.

 

 

Women were encouraged to join the armed forces alongside men.

4 points   

QUESTION 8

1.      President McKinley's imperialist agenda was signaled by his declaration of war on Spain and

 

 

support for the Teller Amendment.

 

 

support of Philippine independence.

 

 

rejection of Mahan's theories.

 

 

annexation of the Hawaiian islands.

4 points   

QUESTION 9

1.      President Wilson's inability to remain neutral in the conflict between the Allies and the Central Powers was the result of

 

 

America's fear of Britain's superior military strength.

 

 

anti-German sentiment among ordinary Americans.

 

 

America's economic dependence on the Allies.

 

 

pressure from the American banking sector.

4 points   

QUESTION 10

1.      President William McKinley came to favor U.S. intervention in the Spanish-Cuban war when he

 

 

was convinced Spain would lose to Cuba.

 

 

was called “weak” by the Spanish ambassador.

 

 

read that the Spanish had blown up the Maine.

 

 

learned of Spanish brutality toward Cubans.

4 points   

QUESTION 11

1.      The American conviction that native Cubans and Filipinos were not ready for self-governance after their liberation from Spain reflected the belief that

 

 

their lands would otherwise be vulnerable to conquest by other European nations.

 

 

the involvement of the United States would guarantee the establishment of democracy.

 

 

nonwhite peoples were inferior and needed to be educated and protected by whites.

 

 

an independent Cuba and Philippines were a threat to American security.

4 points   

QUESTION 12

1.      The Naval Act of 1890 can be interpreted as a fulfillment of the vision of

 

 

Josiah Strong.

 

 

John Fiske.

 

 

Rudyard Kipling.

 

 

Alfred Thayer Mahan.

4 points   

QUESTION 13

1.      The Roosevelt Corollary guided President Taft's policies in

 

 

China.

 

 

Russia.

 

 

Nicaragua.

 

 

Japan.

4 points   

QUESTION 14

1.      The United States was motivated to begin pursuing an imperialist agenda at the end of the nineteenth century because the country

 

 

needed more land for its growing population.

 

 

needed a new source of raw materials to supply its industries.

 

 

was producing more manufactured goods than its population could use.

 

 

wanted to undermine revolutionary movements in countries like Cuba.

4 points   

QUESTION 15

1.      The belief embraced by American men at the turn of the twentieth century that “civilizing” nonwhite peoples was an expression of manly honor was inspired by

 

 

Josiah Strong.

 

 

John D. Rockefeller.

 

 

John Sharp Williams.

 

 

Rudyard Kipling.

4 points   

QUESTION 16

1.      The decline in the amount of raw garbage in Chicago during World War I was evidence of the

 

 

lack of consumer goods available for purchase on the home front.

 

 

reallocation of food stuffs from domestic markets to the military.

 

 

decline in population due to the number of men who had been drafted.

 

 

success of Herbert Hoover's campaign for voluntary conservation.

4 points   

QUESTION 17

1.      The government's concern that the American public was not solidly in support of the war is evidenced by the

 

 

establishment of the American Protective League.

 

 

passage of the Espionage and Sedition acts.

 

 

introduction of the terms liberty cabbage and liberty sandwiches.

 

 

passage of the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution.

4 points   

QUESTION 18

1.      The ideal of “Cuba Libre” encompassed independence from Spain and

 

 

the emancipation of black slaves.

 

 

greater racial and economic equality.

 

 

free trade with the United States.

 

 

the end of colonialism in the Caribbean.

4 points   

QUESTION 19

1.      U.S. intervention in Nicaragua was motivated by a desire to

 

 

protect U.S. business interests there.

 

 

support its democratically elected government.

 

 

establish a military base in Central America.

 

 

replace Dollar Diplomacy with military action.

4 points   

QUESTION 20

1.      Which country controlled Panama during U.S. negotiations to construct the Panama Canal?

 

 

France

 

 

England

 

 

Nicaragua

 

 

Colombia

4 points   

QUESTION 21

1.      Which of the following inspired criticism of U.S. military involvement in the Philippines?

 

 

News of battlefield atrocities perpetrated by American soldiers

 

 

The fact that Filipino rebels had turned against American forces

 

 

Concern that the American military would be defeated by the Filipinos

 

 

Support for rebel leader Emilio Aguinaldo's call for “Independence or death!”

4 points   

QUESTION 22

1.      Who led the opposition to U.S. involvement in the League of Nations?

 

 

Henry Cabot Lodge

 

 

William Jennings Bryan

 

 

W.E.B. Du Bois

 

 

Charles Evans Hughes

4 points   

QUESTION 23

1.      Who prevented the annexation of Hawaii by the United States in 1893?

 

 

Queen Liliuokalani

 

 

Grover Cleveland

 

 

The U.S. marines

 

 

American Christian missionaries

4 points   

QUESTION 24

1.      Why was the United States able to defeat Spain so quickly?

 

 

U.S. troops were better trained and equipped.

 

 

U.S. soldiers were less vulnerable to disease.

 

 

The Spanish had been worn down by war with the Cubans.

 

 

Fewer Americans died in combat.

4 points   

QUESTION 25

1.      Wilson's reelection in 1916 can be attributed to

 

 

the American public's ambivalence about entering the war.

 

 

the American public's outrage over the Lusitania affair.

 

 

his unsuccessful efforts to negotiate an armistice.

 

 

his signing of the National Defense Act.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Take Test: Chap 21 An Anxious Influence

 QUESTION 1

1.      African American culture in the 1920s, from poetry to the blues, was notable for

 

 

its expression of middle-class black values.

 

 

pandering to white audiences.

 

 

authentically reflecting the black experience.

 

 

reinforcing racist stereotypes.

4 points   

QUESTION 2

1.      Black newspapers like the Chicago Defender described conditions in the North for African Americans as

 

 

no better but no worse than life in the South.

 

 

filled with violence and danger.

 

 

offering opportunities not available in the South.

 

 

culturally foreign due to large number of foreign immigrants.

4 points   

QUESTION 3

1.      Despite their differences, Langston Hughes and Marcus Garvey agreed that

 

 

to be truly free, black Americans needed to return to Africa.

 

 

African American success did not depend on white approval.

 

 

economic self-sufficiency was essential to developing racial pride.

 

 

artistic expression was crucial to the development of a positive African American identity.

4 points   

QUESTION 4

1.      During the 1920s, women who wore short skirts and makeup and enjoyed smoking, drinking, and dancing were called

 

 

New Negroes.

 

 

matinee idols.

 

 

suffragettes.

 

 

flappers.

4 points   

QUESTION 5

1.      How did the marketing of Listerine during the 1920s reflect the role of advertising in a consumer-oriented economy?

 

 

It compared product's quality to other similar items.

 

 

It convinced consumers they had a need they weren't previously aware of.

 

 

It identified the wealthy as the product's target audience.

 

 

It suggested that use of the product would improve the consumer's economic prospects.

4 points   

QUESTION 6

1.      In the 1920s, Madison Avenue was home to the fledgling

 

 

automobile industry.

 

 

advertising industry.

 

 

movie industry.

 

 

stock market.

4 points   

QUESTION 7

1.      Movie stars such as Douglas Fairbanks Jr. and Mary Pickford influenced Americans' taste in

 

 

food.

 

 

fashion.

 

 

books.

 

 

decor.

4 points   

QUESTION 8

1.      Republican victory in the 1924 presidential election can be attributed to the split within the Democratic party over

 

 

social welfare policy.

 

 

Darwin's theory of evolution.

 

 

farm relief.

 

 

prohibition.

4 points   

QUESTION 9

1.      The “American Plan,” proposed by Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover, sought to undermine labor unions by encouraging business leaders to

 

 

fire union members.

 

 

provide workers with health insurance.

 

 

ban the distribution of leaflets.

 

 

export jobs to other countries.

4 points   

QUESTION 10

1.      The Harlem Renaissance would not have occurred were it not for the

 

 

Great Migration.

 

 

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.

 

 

Universal Negro Improvement Association.

 

 

Chicago Defender.

4 points   

QUESTION 11

1.      The Sacco and Vanzetti case, like the cases of Charles Schenck and Jacob Abrams, demonstrated a predisposition among native-born Americans to see immigrants as

 

 

a threat to the safety and security of the American people.

 

 

proponents of free speech and civil liberties.

 

 

responsible for spreading the influenza epidemic.

 

 

to blame for America's moral decline.

4 points   

QUESTION 12

1.      The corruption scandal that rocked President Warren G. Harding's administration was known as

 

 

the Red Scare.

 

 

Black Tuesday.

 

 

Teapot Dome.

 

 

American Mercury.

4 points   

QUESTION 13

1.      The fact that a wide array of labor-saving devices became available to American consumers during the 1920s was a response to

 

 

increased access to electricity in urban areas.

 

 

the availability of large amounts of disposable income.

 

 

advertising's ability to create demand for unnecessary items.

 

 

the effectiveness of the assembly line.

4 points   

QUESTION 14

1.      The growth of the Ku Klux Klan outside the South during the 1920s can be attributed to the

 

 

spread of white supremacist ideology.

 

 

passage of the National Origins Act.

 

 

organization's adoption of nativist and traditionalist views.

 

 

popularity of Garveyism among African Americans.

4 points   

QUESTION 15

1.      The incident that sparked the Chicago race riots of 1919 demonstrated that

 

 

racial segregation was practiced in the North as well as the South.

 

 

World War I veterans were not being reintegrated into American society.

 

 

the Great Migration had little impact on life in northern cities.

 

 

many African Americans were radicals and anti-capitalists.

4 points   

QUESTION 16

1.      The passage of the National Origins Act in 1924 inspired nativist reformers to

 

 

declare victory and withdraw from politics.

 

 

organize English language and citizenship classes for immigrants.

 

 

encourage Mexican Americans to return to their native land.

 

 

oppose the execution of the Italian anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti.

4 points   

QUESTION 17

1.      The research findings of Franz Boas and Ruth Benedict on race and culture supported the beliefs of

Henry Ford.

W. J. Simmons.

W. E. B. Du Bois.

E. P. Cubberly.

4 points   

QUESTION 18

1.      The writers and artists who saw the spread of mass culture and growth of consumerism as assaults on individualism, creativity, and intellectual exploration were known as the

 

 

Lost Generation.

 

 

Talented Tenth.

 

 

star system.

 

 

New Negroes.

4 points   

QUESTION 19

1.      U.S. Senator and future Supreme Court Justice Hugo Black was a member of the

 

 

American Civil Liberties Union.

 

 

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.

 

 

Industrial Workers of the World.

 

 

Ku Klux Klan.

4 points   

QUESTION 20

1.      What made it possible for income inequality to grow during the 1920s, a period of apparent prosperity?

 

 

Government corruption scandals like Teapot Dome benefited the wealthy and hurt the poor.

 

 

Increased mechanization of factory work led to massive unemployment among unskilled laborers.

 

 

Corporate and governmental efforts to destroy labor unions resulted in lower wages among the working class.

 

 

Corporate profits grew much faster than wages did, so more wealth was accumulated by the already rich.

4 points   

QUESTION 21

1.      What was the movement of thousands of African Americans from the South to the North and West in search of better jobs and better treatment during World War I called?

 

 

The Mass Exodus

 

 

The Great Migration

 

 

Black Tuesday

 

 

The Harlem Renaissance

4 points   

QUESTION 22

1.      Which of the following challenged the homogeneity of mass consumer culture?

 

 

Motion pictures

 

 

Advertising

 

 

Radio

 

 

Fashion

4 points   

QUESTION 23

1.      Which of the following consumer goods had a transformative impact on day-to-day life in the United States during the 1920s?

 

 

Refrigerator

 

 

Radio

 

 

Automobile

 

 

Toaster

4 points   

QUESTION 24

1.      Who launched the government crusade to rid the country of political radicals like Emma Goldman, an anarchist and feminist, during the Red Scare of 1919?

Oliver Wendell Holmes

A. Mitchell Palmer

Calvin Coolidge

Woodrow Wilson

4 points   

QUESTION 25

1.      Who promoted the ?Back to Africa? movement, which sought to move black Americans to their ancestral homelands?

 

 

D. C. Stephenson and the Ku Klux Klan

 

 

A. Philip Randolph and the African American labor movement

 

 

Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association

 

 

W.E.B. Du Bois and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

 

 

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