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Complete 5 page APA formatted essay: Reasons And Effects.Download file to see previous pages... Introduction Facial recognition is an ability that most individuals take for granted, but has been found
Complete 5 page APA formatted essay: Reasons And Effects.Download file to see previous pages...
Introduction Facial recognition is an ability that most individuals take for granted, but has been found to be quite complex (Diamond &. Cary, 1986) and associated with different temporal, occipital, and frontal brain areas, and particularly the fusiform gyrus in the visual cortex. Presented featured are analyzed, relationships are drawn between the various component parts and then combined to form meaningful bits of information that can then be compared across information that has been previously stored in memory. Both, first and second order relational information – information about the relationships shared by the features of the face as well as information about the faces experienced and the abstractions formed on the basis of the same – are necessary for recognizing a face (Diamond &. Cary, 1986). It has been found that faces are stored in memory as holistic units, and it is more difficult for most people to recognize a partial face as compared to a complete one. Tarr and Cheng (2003) have outlined the distinctiveness of face recognition procedures, including presenting evidence for the assumption that information about faces seems to come in at the individual level entry point as against the basic level entry point for objects. This could explain why faces are differentiated as whole units or composites and not on the basis of particular features. Rakover and Cahlon (2001) have discussed the evidence for the role of long term memory in face recognition. They have outlined the importance of structural encoding, the view centred description and the expression independent description in face recognition. Retrieval of information processes also play an important role, as described by Robinson-Riegler, &. Robinson-Riegler (2008). Prosopagnosia Prosopagnosia is a condition that describes an individual’s inability to recognize faces, is composed of a set of independent symptoms and is seen to exist at varying levels in different persons. The name comes from the Greek words for ‘face’ and ‘not knowing’. These individuals encounter difficulty in recognizing faces, of making sense of the presented faces. In extreme cases, they are unable to recognize the most significant individuals in their lives, and even themselves. These individuals are still able to use other cues to recognize people. and those with mild symptoms can often conduct themselves in society with little difficulty. It has become evident that damage to the fusiform gyrus is implicated in cases where the condition is acquired after some form of injury to the brain, and it was initially believed that most cases of Prosopagnosia are a result of similar injuries. Over the years, though, it has become evident that there is also a genetic component in acquiring Prosopagnosia (Gruter, Gruter, &. Carbon, 2008. Wilmer et al, 2010). and that a number of individual seem to have varying symptoms since birth (Wilmer et al, 2010). Some individual with Prosopagnosia show other forms of perception and retrieval failure. but more and more data is making it evident that Prosopagnosia is distinct from other forms of agnosia (Wilmer et al, 2010). and research on Prosopagnosia has been critical in developing an understanding for a distinct face recognition system in human cognition.