Devry PSYC 110 Midterm Exam 2015 (Latest Version)

Question 1. Question: (TCOs 1, 2) Participants in research early in psychology’s history might have been asked to view a chair and describe its color, shape, texture, and other aspects of their conscious experience. These individuals would have been using a method called
objective introspection.
Question 2. Question : (TCO 4) As part of a psychology experiment, Brett decides to measure a person’s “anxiety” by noting the number of blinks a person makes in a 20-minute social interaction with a stranger. Brett appears to have offered a(n) _____ of anxiety.
operational definition
Points Received: 2 of 2
Question 3. Question : (TCOs 2, 3) Marta was in an automobile accident and suffered an injury to her brain, resulting in the paralysis of her left arm. What part of Marta’s brain was injured?
Auditory association area
Motor cortex
Association areas
Somatosensory cortex
Question 4. Question : (TCOs 2, 3) A group of axons bundled together coated in myelin that travels together through the body is called a
synaptic vesicle.
myelinated pathway.
Question 5. Question : (TCOs 2, 3) _____ are holes in the surface of the dendrites, or certain cells of the muscles and glands that are shaped to fit only certain neurotransmitters.
Synaptic vesicles
Receptor sites
Question 6. Question : (TCO 4) Which of the following phenomena is a function of the distribution of the rods and cones in the retina?
The moon looks much larger near the horizon than it looks when it is higher in the sky.
The light from distant stars moving rapidly away from us is shifted toward the red end of the spectrum.
Stars can be seen only with difficulty during the daytime.
A dim star viewed at night may disappear when you look directly at it, but reappear when you look to one side of it.
Question 7. Question : ( TCO 4) What are the five primary tastes?
Hot, sour, spicy, sweet, origami
Salty, sour, spicy, sweet, tart
Bitter, salty, sour, sweet, umami
Peppery, salty, sour, sweet, acidic
Question 8. Question : (TCO 4) Suppose your town is located in a valley. Obviously, you’ll realize that the size of your town doesn’t change regardless of whether you look at it up close or from a hilltop. This is primarily due to
size constancy.
color constancy.
retinal disparity.
Question 9. Question : (TCO 5) Sid is taking part in research on the effects of sleep deprivation; he has been without sleep for 75 hours. Right now, researchers have asked him to sit in front of a computer screen and hit a button each time he sees the letter S on the screen. A few days ago, Sid was a whiz at this task; however, he is doing very poorly today. How are sleep researchers likely to explain Sid’s poor performance?
Due to the sleep deprivation, Sid does not understand the task.
Microsleeps are occurring due to the sleep deprivation and he is asleep for brief periods of time.
He is determined to ruin the research because of the suffering he is enduring at the hands of the researchers.
He is probably dreaming that he is somewhere else and has no interest in responding to the “here and now.”
Instructor Explanation: Microsleeps occur, causing a block-out during that time. Chapter 4, page 140.
Question 10. Question : (TCO 5) You are telling a joke to your friend, who is laughing uproariously and then suddenly collapses to the floor. You are not surprised to later learn that he has a sleep disorder known as ¬¬¬
sleep terror.
daytime insomnia.
Question 11. Question : (TCO 5) How does the activation-synthesis hypothesis explain dreaming?
the surfacing of repressed sexual urges
biological attempts to make recent memories more permanent
the cortex making sense of signals from the brain stem
the use of elaborate symbolism to disguise “unthinkable” topics
Question 12. Question : (TCOs 7, 8) Sue noticed that whenever she opened the door to the pantry, her dog would come into the kitchen and act hungry by drooling and whining. She thought that because the dog food was stored in the pantry, the sound of the door had become a(n)
unconditioned stimulus.
conditioned stimulus.
unconditioned response.
conditioned response.
Question 13. Question : (TCOs 7, 8) Bill hates to clean up after dinner. One night, he volunteers to bathe the dog before cleaning up. When he finishes with the dog and returns to the kitchen, his wife has cleaned everything up for him. Which of the following statements is most likely true?
Bill will start cleaning up the kitchen before he bathes the dog.
Bill’s wife has positively reinforced him for bathing the dog.
Bill’s wife has negatively reinforced him for bathing the dog.
Bill will never bathe the dog again.
Question 1. Question: (TCOs 7, 8) A young child watches her mother make pancakes. She wants to please her mother so she pays attention. However, when she goes to make them on her own, she can’t break the eggs for the batter without making a terrible mess and dropping them on the floor, no matter how hard she tries. Her attempt failed because of a problem with which part of the necessary components for observational learning?
Question 2. Question : (TCO 7) Suzy looks up from her lunch, realizing that Jacques has just said something to her. What was it? Oh, yes, he has just asked her if she wants to go to the movies. Suzy’s ability to retrieve what Jacques said is due to her
iconic sensory memory.
echoic sensory memory.
short-term memory.
tactile sensory memory.
Question 3. Question : (TCO 7) Adrianna is trying to memorize the names of the bones in the hand. She had gone through a list of them when her phone rang. After she gets off the phone, she is MOST likely to remember the first few bone names because of the
elaboration effect.
recency effect.
primacy effect.
maintenance effect.
Question 4. Question : (TCO 7) Moishe can remember only the first two items and the last two items on the grocery list that his wife just read to him over the phone. The other five items in between are gone. This is an example of the
encoding specificity effect.
serial position effect.
TOT effect.
reintegrative effect.
Question 5. Question : (TCO 8) Sally is enrolled in a high school geometry course, which she describes as “drawing figures and figuring drawings.” In a typical class, students draw geometric figures and use a formula to calculate an aspect of the figure, such as its area. Each time Sally uses a formula, she is making use of what psychologists call
Question 6. Question : (TCO 8) Which of the following statements about gifted people is true?
They are more likely to suffer from mental illnesses.
They are physically weaker than nongifted persons.
They are often skilled leaders.
They are socially unskilled.
Question 7. Question : (TCO 9) Monica put all her time and energy into getting into the acting club because her main goal in life “was to be a famous star!” Monica’s drive to be famous was a(n) _____ drive.
Question 8. Question : (TCO 9) Glenn believes he can learn from his mistakes and that study and perseverance will help him improve his intelligence. According to Dweck, what locus of control does Glenn have?
Internal locus of control
External locus of control
Question 9. Question : (TCO 9) Although Kim just ate a huge meal and feels “stuffed,” the idea of a chocolate sundae is too good to pass up. Which motivational term explains the appeal of the sundae?
Drive reduction
Cognitive dissonance
Question 10. Question : (TCO 11) Carolyn took home some printer paper from the office. Later, she felt guilty for stealing it, so she brought some paper to work to replace what she took. Freud would suggest that Carolyn’s _____ was influencing her motives and behavior.
unconscious mind
Question 11. Question : (TCO 11) A famous psychologist argues that there are three factors that influence personality: environment, person, and behavior. This psychologist is most likely a _____ psychologist.
social cognitive
Question 12. Question : (TCO 11) Which theories are less concerned with the explanation of personality development and changing personality than they are with describing personality and predicting behavior based on that description?
Trait theories
Psychodynamic theories
Archetype theories
Behaviorist theories
(TCOs 2, 3, 4) What are the primary functions of the sympathetic and parasympathetic components of the peripheral nervous system? Describe a situation or experience in which activation of the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions has occurred.
Question 2. Question : (TCO 5, 7) List and describe the different stages of sleep. What position do you hold regarding the purpose of sleep and its stages?
Question 3. Question : (TCOs 7, 8) What is the definition of language? What is the evidence, pro and con, as to whether nonhuman animals have a capacity for language?
Question 4. Question : (TCOs 9, 11 ) Why does Freudian theory garner so much criticism? What are some positive qualities of Freud’s theory that might describe behavior in the twenty-first century?
Question 5. 5. (TCOs 7, 8) Define learning. Given this definition, what types of behaviors would not be considered learning? How does the concept of instinctive drift relate to these examples? What types of behaviors would be included? (Points : 10)


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    Attached: devry psyc110 midterm exam.docx


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