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QUESTION

# Draw the electron configuration diagram for carbon?

Each row on introduces a new value for the principal quantum number n, while l goes as 0, 1, . . . , n-1.

Recall that l = 0 -> s orbital, and l = 1 -> p orbital. Therefore, we would have these orbitals available:

"Row 1:" 1s "Row 2:" 2s, 2p "Row 3:" . . . "Row 4:" . . .

Carbon has access to only n = 2 and n = 1, so its six electrons can only go into the 1s, 2s and 2p orbitals, from lowest to highest energy (Aufbau Principle) one at a time to maximize spin (Hund's Rule), with opposite spins when pairing up (Pauli Exclusion Principle).

1s^2 2s^2 2p^2:

color(white)([(color(black)(ul(uarr color(white)(darr)))),(color(black)(2p_x))]) color(white)([(color(black)(ul(uarr color(white)(darr)))),(color(black)(2p_y))]) color(white)([(color(black)(ul(color(white)(darr) color(white)(darr)))),(color(black)(2p_z))])

color(white)([(color(black)(ul(uarr darr))),(color(black)(2s))])

" " " "

color(white)([(color(black)(ul(uarr darr))),(color(black)(1s))])

If you want to read more on it:https://socratic.org/questions/how-do-you-draw-electron-orbital-diagrams