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Hi, I need help with essay on Infection Prevention and Control in Hospitals. Paper must be at least 2000 words. Please, no plagiarized work!Download file to see previous pages MRSA is also known as St
Hi, I need help with essay on Infection Prevention and Control in Hospitals. Paper must be at least 2000 words. Please, no plagiarized work!Download file to see previous pages
MRSA is also known as Staphylococcus aureas or S. aureas (Nunan and Young 2007). MRSA is a bacterium which normally resides on human beings, on their skin, in their nose or mouth but does not normally cause any harm or illness (Nunan and Young 2007). This characteristic could be down to a well-functioning immune system on the part of individuals, however (Nunan and Young 2007) has raised the possibility of other individuals being resistant to colonisation by the bacteria. Therefore, in healthy individuals MRSA is not threat, but the problem arises when individuals have open wounds or their skin is damaged, which suggests that the MRSA bacteria is in some ways opportunistic as the external body defences are sufficient to halt colonisation. When this bacterium enters the human body it has the ability to cause infections and even death through blood poisoning, heart infections and other diseases such as pneumonia (Gupta 2006). The range of medical conditions that the bacterium causes would suggest that it has an effect on the immune system and contributes to its weakening. This characteristic of the MRSA bacteria is probably the most dangerous especially in hospitals, where immune systems are already compromised. Patients prolong their hospital stay which in some ways can be seen as enabling the bacteria to spread.
Clostridium difficile or C.difficile is also a bacterium, but this one causes severe gastrointestinal infection by colonising and producing toxins which damage the intestinal walls (Mid Yorkshire 2007). The patient then suffers diarrhoea as a result of this infection which can lead to death (Mid Yorkshire 2007). It is apparent that C.difficile attacks the intestines specifically, whilst MRSA can be presumed to attack or rather weaken the immune system. One could also suggest that the C.difficile infection could be attributed to poor health and safety, as well as hygiene in an environment, whilst MRSA could be attributed to poor patient personal care. The distinction between the two bacteria are also important for this essay, given that the author would like to find out why both bacteria have emerged as major causes of hospital acquired infections. Just as food poisoning is associated with areas of cooking and those that serve food, C.difficile can be also be associated with the same factor in hospital environments. This does not necessarily mean that all hospital kitchens are not up to the required standard. it simply means that where food preparation is occurring the risks of bacteria that attack the intestines or cause diarrhoea are higher. In a hospital, this is heightened by the presence of individuals who are not feeling well and some that are infectious.