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How come H2SO4 in binary acid form is sulfuric acid and not dihydrogen sulfuric acid?
H₂SO₄ is not a binary acid, because it contains three different .
Binary acids like HCl and H₂S have two names:
- The "hydrogen name" is "hydrogen" + element stem + "ide". For the pure , this gives names like hydrogen chloride and hydrogen sulfide.
- The "acid name" is used for aqueous . The name is "hydro" + element stem + "ic acid". This gives names like hydrochloric acid and hydrosulfuric acid.
Oxyacids like H₂SO₄ and HNO₃ can also have two names:
- The "acid name" is almost always used, even for the pure compound. It is element stem + "ic acid" (or "ous acid"). This gives names like sulfuric acid and nitric acid.
- The "hydrogen name" is formed as if the substance were an ionic compound. So the name would be hydrogen sulfate, but that name is hardly ever used.