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HRM 522 Week 5 Midterm Exam (Part 1 & 2) All Correct

HRM 522 Week 5 Midterm Exam Part 1

Question 1 

Principles are

Answer 

laws and regulations that guide behavior in the world of business.

mores, values, and customs that guide behavior in general.

specific and pervasive boundaries for behavior that are universal and absolute.

the obligations businesses assume to maximize their positive impact and minimize their negative impact on stakeholders.

the mores, values, and customs that parents teach their children.

Question 2 

Ethics is a part of decision making

Answer 

at all levels of work and management.

primarily at the upper management levels of an organization.

mostly for policy makers.

that is less important than other decision making processes.

only at that lower levels of organizational management

Question 3 

Which of the following is not something a firm might do to encourage organizational ethics and compliance?

Answer 

Employee ethics training

Hiring a compliance officer

Ignoring potential ethical issues

Writing a code of ethics

Conducting an ethics and compliance audit

Question 4 

During the 1990s the institutionalization of business ethics was largely driven by which piece of legislation?

Answer 

Sarbanes-Oxley Act

Federal Sentencing Guidelines for Organizations

Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act

Global Sullivan Principles

Question 5 

Having acceptable personal ethics is probably not going to be sufficient to handle complex business ethical issues when an individual has

Answer 

family concerns.

an unethical boss.

limited business experience.

financial training.

a marketing background

Question 6 

Which of the following is generally not considered a business ethics issue?

Answer 

Harassment

Accounting fraud

Employee theft

Misuse of organizational resources

Corporate hierarchy

Question 7 

Social responsibility is

Answer 

an organization's obligation to maximize its positive effects and minimize its negative effects on stakeholders.

principles and standards that guide behavior in the world of business.

a business's responsibility not to pollute the environment.

a business's responsibility to manufacture products that function properly.

charitable contributions made by a business to enhance its image

Question 8 

Investors are concerned about business ethics because they know that misconduct can

Answer 

foster stability.

improve employee commitment.

improve customer loyalty.

lower stock value and prices.

complicate business financial reporting

Question 9 

Which of the following industries tends to generate a high level of trust from consumers and stakeholders?

Answer 

Insurance

Technology

Banks

Mortgage lenders

Financial services

Question 10 

Stakeholders' power over businesses stems from their

Answer 

ability to withdraw or withhold resources.

ability to generate profits.

media impact.

political influence.

stock ownership

Question 11 

Why do critics argue that high compensation for boards of directors is a bad thing?

Answer 

It is too expensive for the organization.

It could cause conflicts of interest between the directors and the organization.

It is not fair to poorly compensated employees.

High pay will render the board less complacent.

Board of director compensation is not a major issue

Question 12 

Which of the following is not a method typically employed by firms when researching relevant stakeholder groups?

Answer 

Surveys

Focus groups

Internet searches

Press reviews

Guessing

Question 13 

The degree to which a firm understands and addresses stakeholder demands can be referred to as

Answer 

a stakeholder orientation.

a shareholder orientation.

the stakeholder interaction model. d. a two-way street.

e. a continuum.

Question 14 

One policy to address the issue of executive pay was implemented by J.P. Morgan, it stated that _______.

Answer 

there should be no limit on what top executives can earn.

managers should earn no more than twenty times the pay of other employees.

top managers should make the same amount as other employees.

employees can determine how much managers make.

the government should determine the worth of each manager’s service

Question 15 

Public health and safety and support of local organizations are issues most relevant to which stakeholder group?

Answer 

Investors

Community

Suppliers

Customers

Employees

Question 16 

The originator of the idea of the invisible hand, which is a fundamental concept in free market capitalism, was

Answer 

Adam Smith.

Theodore Levitt.

Norman Bowie.

Herman Miller

Milton Friedman

Question 17 

________ is defined as any purposeful communication that deceives, manipulates, or conceals facts in order to create a false impression.

Answer 

Stealing

Lying

Fraud

Misappropriation

Accounting fraud

Question 18 

Among retail stores, ________ is a larger problem than customer shoplifting.

Answer 

poor stock performance

weak leadership

internal employee theft

misuse of merchandise

employee dissatisfaction

Question 19 

________ are used to obtain or retain business and are not generally considered illegal in the U.S.

Answer 

Facilitation payments

Bribes

Gifts

Coercive techniques

Threats

Question 20 

What type of fraudulent activity could involve a consumer staging an accident to seek damages?

Answer 

Whacking

Duplicity

Guile

Defamation

Collusion

Question 21 

Abusive or intimidating behavior is the most common ethical problem for employees. Which of the following is not related to this concept?

Answer 

Physical threats

False accusations

Being annoying

Profanity

Performance probation

Question 22 

Which of the following is not a consequence of ethical misconduct?

Answer 

Decreased reputation

Shaken customer loyalty

Reduced investor confidence

Increased sales

Legal actions by wronged parties

Question 23 

Optimization is defined as

Answer 

the quality of being just, equitable, and impartial.

a trade-off between equity and efficiency.

an interchange of giving and receiving in social relationships.

how wealth or income is distributed between employees within a company.

a lack of integrity, incomplete disclosure, and an unwillingness to tell the truth

Question 24 

Which of the following is not a side-effect of being the victim of workplace bullying?

Answer 

Increased productivity

Sleep disturbance

Depression

Increased sick days

Stomach problems

Question 25 

Concerns involving copyright infringement on books, movies and music, and other illegally produced goods relate to which type of ethical issue?

Answer 

Conflict of interest

Honesty

Communications

Discrimination

Intellectual property rights

HRM 522 Week 5 Midterm Exam Part 2

Question 1 

The ________ was called “a sweeping overhaul of the financial regulatory system…on a scale not seen since the reforms that followed the Great Depression.”

Answer 

Equal Pay Act

Americans with Disabilities Act

Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act

Age Discrimination in Employment Act

VII of the Civil Rights Act

Question 2 

________ law not only prohibits specific actions in business such as fraud, theft, or securities trading violations, but also imposes fines or imprisonment as punishment for breaking the law.

Answer 

Civil

Criminal

Competitive

Administrative

Regulatory

Question 3 

________ is the synergistic and mutually beneficial use of an organization’s core competencies and resources to deal with key stakeholders so as to bring about organizational and societal benefits.

Answer 

Social responsibility

Business ethics

Corporate philanthropy

Strategic philanthropy

Cause-related marketing

Question 4 

The ________ of ethics involves embedding values, norms, and artifacts in organizations, industries, and society.

Answer 

institutionalization

rationalization

commercialization

mobilization

enforcement

Question 5 

The ________ regulates tobacco, dietary supplements, vaccines, veterinary drugs, medical devices, cosmetics, products that give off radiation, and biological products.

Answer 

World Trade Organization

Consumer Financial Protection Agency

Department of Justice

Environmental Protection Agency

The Food and Drug Administration

Question 6 

Which is not one of the four sources of criminal and civil laws?

Answer 

Judicial law

Common law

Constitutional law

Administrative law

Statutory law

Question 7 

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

Answer 

prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, or national origin.

penalizes the top executives in an organization for misconduct.

is basically the same as the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.

discourages whistle-blowers from reporting misconduct.

prohibits pay discrimination on the basis of gender

Question 8 

Companies that ________ will most likely be found in violation of procompetitive legislation.

Answer 

pollute waterways

knowingly harm consumers

contract with sweatshops

establish monopolies

help consumers

Question 9 

The ________can be defined as a set of values, norms, and artifacts, including ways of solving problems shared by members of an organization.

Answer 

corporate culture

intentions of a corporate

ethical issue awareness

determination of a corporation

individual factors

Question 10 

Which of the following is not considered a significant other group in the workplace?

Answer 

Peers

Managers

Spouses

Coworkers

Subordinates

Question 11 

______ have been found to decrease unethical practices and increase positive work behavior.

Answer 

High educational attainment levels

High levels of community involvement

Charismatic leaders

Strong religious beliefs

Good personal values

Question 12 

For people who begin the value shift that leads to unethical decisions, which of the following is not a usual justification to reduce and eliminate guilt?

Answer 

I need a paycheck and can't afford to quit right now.

Those around me are doing it so why shouldn't I?

If I don't do this, I might not be able to get a good reference from my boss when I leave.

If I don't do this, I might never be promoted.

This is in keeping with my personal morals and the code of conduct, so it is okay.

Question 13 

Which of the following is the first step in the ethical decision making process?

Answer 

Being socialized into the firm's corporate culture

Applying a personal moral philosophy in order to individualize the ethical decision making process

Recognizing that an issue requires an individual or work group to make a choice that ultimately will be judged by stakeholders as right or wrong

Soliciting the opinions of others in a work group or in the overall business in order to gain feedback

Enforcing the firm's ethical standards with rewards and punishment

Question 14 

The ________ includes the motivational "carrots and sticks" superiors use to influence employee behavior.

Answer 

Obedience to authority

Immediate job context

Locus of control

Normative approach

Descriptive approach

Question 15 

Employees that see themselves as going with the flow because that's all they can do have a(n)

Answer 

external locus of control.

moral intensity

obedience to authority

opportunity

internal locus of control

Question 16 

________ is the ability to perceive whether a situation or decision has an ethical dimension.

Answer 

Ethical issue intensity

Locus of control

Ethical awareness

Moral intensity

Opportunity

Question 17 

________ have lower ethical issue sensitivity, meaning they are less likely to detect ethical issues. They may be more committed to completing projects and more dedicated to group values and objectives.

Answer 

Relativists

Hedonists

Pragmatists

Deontologists

Teleologists

Question 18 

Enlightened egoism

Answer 

is when an individual puts spiritual feelings above all others.

centers completely on the short-term well-being of others.

centers on one's short-term self-interest.

centers on one's long-term self-interest but takes others’ well-being into account.

centers on the long-term well-being of others

Question 19 

________ believe that no one thing is intrinsically good.

Answer 

Hedonists

Pluralists

Relativists

Deontologists

Teleologists

Question 20 

An individual who emphasizes others rather than himself or herself in making decisions is in which of the following of Kohlberg's stages of development?

Answer 

Universal ethical principles (6th stage)

Mutual interpersonal expectations, relationships, and conformity (3rd stage)

Social system and conscience maintenance (4th stage)

Punishment and obedience (1st stage)

Prior rights, social contract, or utility (5th stage

Question 21 

Which moral philosophy evaluates the morality of an action on the basis of its conformity to general moral principles and respect for individual rights?

Answer 

The relativist perspective

Act utilitarianism

Rule utilitarianism

Act deontology

Rule deontology

Question 22 

Which is the last of Kohlberg's stages of cognitive moral development?

Answer 

Individual instrumental purpose and exchange

Need achievement

Social system and conscience maintenance

Punishment and obedience

Universal ethical principles

Question 23 

An individual who believes that an action is ethical because others within his or her company and industry regularly engage in the activity is probably a(n)

Answer 

utilitarian.

relativist.

teleologist.

deontologist.

egoist.

Question 24 

________ justice considers the processes and activities that produce the outcome or results.

Answer 

Disruptive

Procedural

Interactional

Communications

Evaluative

Question 25 

According to Kohlberg's model, as a person progresses through the stages of moral development, and with time, education, and experience, he/she

Answer 

is unlikely to change his/her values and ethical behavior.

may change his/her values and ethical behavior.

will likely be promoted.

will depend more on the input of significant others in ethical decision making.

will experience less opportunity to behave unethically.

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