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I need help creating a thesis and an outline on Biological Hazard. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required.
I need help creating a thesis and an outline on Biological Hazard. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. This essay aims to discuss TB as a biological hazard and suggest various means in which it can be prevented.
NHS Choices (2012) Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection spread .through inhaling tiny droplets from coughs or sneezes of an infected person. It is a serious .condition but can be cured with proper treatment. TB mainly affects the lungs. However, it can affect .any part of the body, including the bones .and nervous system.
According to the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases TB is defined as "a contagious and an often severe airborne disease caused by a bacterial infection. TB typically affects the lungs, but it also may affect any other organ of the body. It is usually treated with a regimen of drugs taken for 6 months to 2 years, depending on the type of infection" (NIAD, 2013)
There are two types of TB namely – pulmonary or respiratory TB and extra-pulmonary or non-respiratory TB. Pulmonary TB is the most common form of disease out of the two. It is known to affect the lungs as opposed to extra-pulmonary TB which occurs outside the lungs (NHS, 2013. Miller, Walsh, and Hoyt, 2005).
Common symptoms of respiratory TB include weight loss, cough, fever, and night sweats. These symptoms can be identified over a period of time indicating the progress or stage of TB which is generally identified as the primary and post-primary stages. Coughing for instance is one of the most commonly observed symptoms of the post-primary respiratory TB, followed by chest pain. According to a study conducted in Sudan to study the clinical features of the disease it was observed that various chest symptoms were directly related with the sputum smear tests. Also it was observed that the symptoms tend to increase with the duration of the TB among the patients (National Collaborating Centre for Chronic Conditions, 2005).