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I will pay for the following essay The effect of total omega 3 fatty acid intake on blood homocysteine and C-reactive protein in Cuban Americans with and without t. The essay is to be 3 pages with thr
I will pay for the following essay The effect of total omega 3 fatty acid intake on blood homocysteine and C-reactive protein in Cuban Americans with and without t. The essay is to be 3 pages with three to five sources, with in-text citations and a reference page.Download file to see previous pages...
Adipocytes are fatty acid cells that secrete leptin and adiponectin which are substances or hormones that regulate insulin resistance and energy metabolism. There is a positive relationship between circulating levels of adiponectin and omega-3 fatty acid (Shidfar, Keshavarz, &. Hosseyni, 2008). In obese people, this positive relationship may translate into a reduced risk of developing diabetes. In the same note, a higher concentration of omega-3 in serum is associated with lower concentrations of CRP. Obesity may easily increase inflammation as fat cells or adipocytes secrete proteins which stimulate the production of CRP. Individuals with C - reactive protein levels greater than 3 mg/L have an elevated risk of getting diabetes in comparison to individuals with lower levels of C-Reactive Protein (Singhal et al., 2013). Homocysteine is an amino acid that occurs naturally and is associated with elevated risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Factors that lead to increased levels of Homocysteine in obese subjects are low levels of folic acid and vitamin B12 (Smith &. Barnett, 2005). Therefore, what would make the association not possible is the fact that there is an inverse relationship between omega-3 fatty acids and hs-CRP in healthy subjects. Omega 3 - >. homocysteine hypothesized in literature The researchers have established that homocysteine and fatty acids levels were comparable amongst the normal weight and obese subjects. However, the levels of folate and vitamin B12 were much lower in the obese subjects in relation to the normal weight subjects. Elevated levels of homocysteine correlate with increased decreased levels of omega-3 fatty acid. The results of this study suggest positive associations between omega 3 fatty acids and homocysteine quartiles. Therefore, omega 3 - >. homocysteine is not hypothesized in literature but established to be factual, though research in some areas is still going on. Omega 3 ->. CRP hypothesized in literature There is a negative relationship between hs-CRP and levels of omega-3. When the levels of hs-CRP are in excess of 3 mg/L, then the levels of omega-3 are significantly reduced. Levels of C-Reactive Protein less than 1 mg/L are actually desirable and result in an overall cardiovascular risk that is low. Levels of C-Reactive Protein between 1 and 3 mg/L mean or indicative of moderate risk. These findings are in line with the findings of this study. there is a negative relationship between omega 3 fatty acids and CRP levels. In short, there is an inverse relationship between omega-3 fatty acids and hs-CRP in healthy subjects. Diabetes associations with CRP and homocysteine in the literature The diabetes association with CRP and homocysteine is evident both in a range of current and past literature. Idzior-Walus et al (2003) researched about the concentrations of C-reactive protein and Homocysteine in serum of diabetic men and women and the results show the potential function of CRP and homocysteine level modification by affecting fat mass and lipid levels in subjects with type 2 diabetes. Ridker (2003) notes that CRP is a complex set of proteins made by the bodies when faced with a high risk trauma or infection thus a vital factor of the immune system. Everybody makes CRP, although in different levels depending on a range of factors, such as genetics and lifestyle habits (Brown, 2000. Shidfar, Froghifar, &. Vafa, 2011).