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In Week 3, you submitted your test specifications. Now, you should create your test items. Remember to write your items so that they are clear and unambiguous. Avoid compound items (e.g., “I am happy

In Week 3, you submitted your test specifications. Now, you should create your test items. Remember to write your items so that they are clear and unambiguous. Avoid compound items (e.g., “I am happy most days and I usually like to smile”). Also make sure that the items are representative of the construct that you are measuring.

The Assignment

Submit by Day 7 test items for your assessment, based on your test specifications

Test Specifications Template FROM WEEK 3

Determine whether you want to measure a trait, ability, emotional state, disorder, interest, attitude, or other construct:

Emotion, such as happiness or anger, 

This test is meant to measure a variety of issues concerning the client. I wish to measure the emotion state of the client. 

Describe the specific construct you want to measure in a word or two: __happiness or anger_____

Now describe the construct using several sentences. What behaviors are associated with the construct? Does it include more than one quality or dimension?

An emotion is a state of arousal that is characterized by the changes or alteration off feeling tone as well as psychological behavioral changes (Cherry, 2018). The emotion is usually manifested externally through the effect: a pervasive and sustained state of emotion, mood, grief, joy, fear and anger. Emotion state includes more than one quality dimension where it can be expressed physically like crying, laughing or a variety of facial expression or it cannot be expressed by the person either willingly or unwillingly.

Describe your process for initially generating items. Will you interview experts? Review textbooks or journal articles? Look at diagnostic criteria in the DSM?

For me to generate items at the initial stage, I will conduct an extensive review of the existing literatures. Valid literatures like text books and peer-reviewed journals will be important because they have case studies on emotions and thus will offer a clear insight on the subject of emotion state. 

Think about the format and phrasing of your items. For instance, some tests use first-person statements, such as “I enjoy swimming,” while others use questions, such as “Do you enjoy swimming?” Other tests might use single-word prompts, such as “Swimming,” and ask for the test-taker to rate this and other words on a scale of 1–5 in order to indicate the degree of interest or enjoyment. Some tests use pictures rather than words, and some are administered to an informant other than the client, such as a parent or work supervisor.

When interacting with my client, I will be using personal questions like “do you enjoy swimming” to get response. However, I will not be tied down to this approach, there will be instances where I will ask the client to rate an aspect, for instance to rate how happy he/she is on a scale of 1-10. 

Think about the response format for your items. Yes/No responses or a Likert scale are popular for personality tests. If you use a Likert scale, consider how many response options there will be and whether your scale will have a neutral midpoint. Multiple-choice is a format that is familiar in academic tests. (Some tests use open-ended responses, but this is difficult to score and too complex for this exercise.)

The response format will be simple and require short answers. Basically the questions themselves will be short and straight to the point to enable easy responses. For instance they will include responses like yes/no to a question like “are you happy”, and then specify, “On a scale of 1-10, how happy are you”. Multiple choices will be used just to make the response as simple as possible, and maybe a few open ended questions about the mood if the client (Morgan, 2002). 

Now write one typical item for your test, demonstrating your item and response format:

From the test, one item I would likely ask my client is “what do you do when you are angry at someone?” I will listen to their response and ask them if what they do helps them manage their anger, and rate their actions on a scale of 1-10 if they are justifiable.

How many items will your initial test include? Keep in mind that you need to create about twice as many test items initially, because you will discard about half of them during your item analysis. 

I will include 5 items and they will be joy, grief, fear, anger and excitement 


Cherry, K. (2018). What Is the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)? Very Well Minded. Retrieved from https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-the-thematic-apperception-test- tat-2795588

Morgan, W. (2002). Origin and History of the Earliest Thematic Apperception test. Journal of Personality Assessment. 79 (3): 422–445. doi:10.1207/s15327752jpa7903_03

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