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Instructions: Please respond to THE FOLLOWING other students. Responses should be a minimum of 150 words FOR EACH ONE and include direct questions./////////////////////////////////////////////////////

Instructions: Please respond to THE FOLLOWING other students. Responses should be a minimum of 150 words FOR EACH ONE and include direct questions.



Nice run down.  Everyone gets the same question this week.  Do you think that the SNRA is a useful tool?  Why or why not?

Doc Locke



Devin Davis

 Compare and contrast the deductions about the national-level threats and hazards as listed by the DHS in the SNRA against the findings you made in Week 5's analysis of the WTAs. As always, assume what is listed first is the greatest risk [also called "most dangerous"] and probability [also called "most likely"] and the last is least.

The biggest thing that jumped out to me after reading the SNRA was that in the SNRA natural disasters were top of the list. In the WTA from week 5, there was only one real mention of natural events. This was in the Human Security chapter and it involved extreme weather due to climate change (CITE). This was towards the bottom of the list as well. The next category in the SNRA is technological/accidental. These are all the idea of accidents involving things like food contamination, chemical spills, dam failure, and radioactive material release (DHS, 2011). These seem like things that have happened recently or could likely happen. We see food contamination every week in the news when another food is getting recalled. The final category “adversarial/human-caused” is the one that seems to have the most in common with the WTA. It mentions two types of cyber-attacks; attacks against data and physical infrastructure. The WTA lists cyber-attacks as the top global threat.

Given the "Natural" events that have occurred across America since 2006 [i.e. post-Katrina], are the ranking of riskiest/most dangerous events in the "Natural" threats and hazards in the table on p2 logical? Why or why not?

I absolutely believe that natural events should be at the top of this list. The SNRA is about readiness for multiple types of events. While we have to plan and be ready for any and every type of attack from an adversary, we must also be prepared for natural disasters. Natural disasters are more damaging and deadlier than most terrorist attacks. Also, natural disasters occur far more often than attacks do. There are currently wild fires in California destroying homes and ruining lives. We are currently in the middle of hurricane season and cautiously waiting for something to form in the tropics. So natural threats absolutely need to be on the top of this list.


Coates, D. R. (2018, February 13). Worldwide Threat Assessment of the US Intelligence Community. Retrieved from

DHS. (2011, December). The Strategic National Risk Assessment. Retrieved from




When comparing and contrasting national-level threats and hazards or risks in the SNRA against the WTA one should look at what kind of assessments they are and exactly who is conducting the assessment. The WTA is driven by the intelligence community and focuses on current events and those types of events and threats that will most likely occur impacting a large part of the international community (Coats, 2018). Cyber-threats are listed as the number one concern outlined in the WTA, but not at the top of the list in the SNRA. Cyber-attacks across the globe continues to impact multiple critical infrastructures making this a significant threat on the horizon for the United States. The United States has not experienced significant cyber-attacks and threats on a large scale to make this a high priority on the SNRA which is focused on the Homeland.

Weapons of Mass Destruction and Proliferation is number two in the 2018 WTA, but significantly lower in the SNRA. WMD pose a significant threat to much of the World and many countries share borders with unstable countries that have nuclear weapons or continue to develop their capabilities. I believe this is important for National Security but is not at the top of the list on the SNRA because the SNRA focuses on risk from known threats that have the potential to significantly impact Homeland Security (DHS, 2011). WMD and Nuclear attacks does not meet both parts of that criteria, it would have significant impacts if conducted, but currently is not a known threat or hazard.

Risk is important when those threats can exploit vulnerabilities to obtain, damage or destroy, but if you eliminate vulnerabilities then there is very little risk to worry about. I believe this is important when thinking about those threat and hazards laid out in the WTA and the SNRA.

I agree with the ranking system when you look at the words riskiest/most dangerous. Yes, one can look at the list and say wildfires happen frequently and hurricanes slam the United States every year, but when you look at these events they frequently only affect certain areas of the US and with technology we have indicators before these types of events occur. Unintentional animal disease outbreak listed at number one is right where it should be, our economy and Nation relies heavily on our Agricultural system from coast to coast. One outbreak of Foot and Mouth-Disease would cripple our economy. The disease can spread very rapidly and has a relatively slow onset of symptoms making this a very hard disease to control and eradicate with just one single exposure (Foot and Mouth, 2018).


Coats, D. R. (2018, February 13). Worldwide Threat Assessment of the US Intelligence Community. Retrieved from

DHS. (2011, December). Strategic National Risk Assessment. Retrieved from

Foot and Mouth. (2018, August 9). Retrieved from

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