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John Crockett Furniture Company is considering adding a new line to its product mix, and the capital budgeting analysis is being conducted by Joan...

John Crockett Furniture Company is considering adding a new line to its product mix, and the capital budgeting analysis is being conducted by Joan Samuel, a recently graduated finance MBA. The production line would be set up in unused space in Crockett's main plant. The machinery's invoice price would be approximately $200,000, another $10,000 in shipping charges would be required, and it would cost an additional $30,000 to install the equipment. Further, the firm's inventories would have to be increased by $25,000 to handle the new line, but its accounts payable would rise by $5,000. The machinery has an economic life of 4 years, and Crockett has obtained a special tax ruling that places the equipment in the MACRS 3 year class. The machinery is expected to have a salvage value of $25,000 after 4 years of use. The new line would generate $125,000 in incremental net revenues (before taxes and excluding depreciation) in each of the next 4 years. The firm's tax rate is 40% and its overall weighted average cost of capital is 10%.a)Construct the project's cash flows over its 4 year life. Based on these cash flows, what are the project's NPV and IRR? Do these indicators suggest that the project should be undertaken?b)Assume now that the project is a replacement project rather than a new or expansion, project. Describe how the analysis would differ for a replacement project.c)Explain what is meant by cash flow estimation bias. What are some steps that Crockett's management could take to eliminate the incentives for bias in the decision process?d)In an unrelated analysis, Joan was asked to choose between the following two mutually exclusive projects:Expected Net Cash Flowyear Project S Project L-100,00033,50033,500- 33,500- 33,500The project provides a necessary service, so whichever one is selected is expected to be repeated into the foreseeable future. Both projects have a 10% cost of capital.(1)what is each project's initial NPV without replication? Can you use the information to determine which project should be chosen? Explain.(2)Now apply the replacement chain approach to determine the project's extended NPVs. Which project should be chosen? Explain.(3) Repeat the analysis using the equivalent annual annuity approach. Which project should be chosen? Explain.(4)Now assume that the cost to replicate Project S in 2 years will increase to $105,000 because of inflationary pressures. How should the analysis be handled now, and which project should be chosen? Explain.e)Crockett is also considering another project that has a physical life of 3 years, that is, the machinery will be totally worn out after 3 years. However, if the project were abandoned prior to the end of 3 years, the machinery would have a positive salvage value. Here are the project's estimated cash flows:year Initial Investment & Operating CFs End-of-Year Net Abandonment Value5,0003,1002,0000 Using the 10% cost of capital, what is the project's NPV if it is operated for the full 3 years? Would the NPV change if the company planned to abandon the project at the end of year 2? At the end of year 1? What is the project's optimal life? Explain. Additional Requirements Level of Detail: Show all work

1. What is each project's initial npv without replication?Answer: The NPVs, found with a financial calculator, are calculated as follows:Input the following: CF0 = -100000, CF1 = 60000, NJ = 2,...
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