KAPLAN SC200 UNIT 8 QUIZ (LATEST 2015)

Question

1. Question : The raisin-bread dough analogy is often used to present a mental picture of

black holes

the expanding universe        

spiral galaxies

elliptical galaxies

the steady state universe

Question 2. Question : Organisms that have lived in the past but have disappeared forever from the Earth are said to be

: hibernating

extinct

evolved

naturally-adapted

artificially selected

Question 3. Question : Which of the following is found in a fossil record?

documented changes in a species

all fossils found, catalogued, and analyzed since the early sixteenth century

10,000 unique phyla

more reptiles than insects

all of these are correct

Question 4. Question : The longest geologic era is the

Proterozoic

Paleozoic

Mesozoic

Cambrian

Cenozoic

Question 5. Question : A fossil is

any single-celled form of life

a structure that is no longer important for survival

any structure that helps an organism survive

a stone replica of a once-living organism

any extinct cyanobacterium

Question 6. Question : This individual conducted experiments involving the origin of life on the early Earth

William Schopf

Luis Alvarez

Stanley Miller

Alfred Wallace

Walter Alvarez

Question 7. Question : What were the first three elements formed in the Big Bang?

hydrogen, lithium, and helium

hydrogen, oxygen, and helium

helium, oxygen, and carbon

carbon, oxygen, and deuterium

helium, oxygen, lithium

Question 8. Question : The mechanism for evolution of living organisms as proposed by Darwin is

artificial selection

extinction

natural selection

genetic mutation

DNA reorganization

Question 9. Question : What piece of evidence do scientists now compare to prove humans and chimpanzees are close relatives?

physical features

behavior

DNA strands

food preferences

the cell protein cytochrome C

Question 10. Question : An object whose gravitational field is so strong that nothing can escape is

a supercluster

a void

a black hole

a quasar

a pulsar

Question 11. Question : The most recent "freezing" of the universe involved the creation of

nuclei.

atoms.

elementary particles.

quarks.

molecules.

Question 12. Question : Punctuated equilibrium is a theory of evolution that states that

some species of organisms never change

evolutionary changes usually occur in short bursts, separated by long periods of stability

all species live only a certain number of years, punctuated by extinction

all animals evolve at the same rate

not all organisms follow the same rules of natural selection

Question 13. Question : The hard outer skeleton characteristic of crabs, lobsters, and grasshoppers appeared during this period.

Cenozoic

Proterozoic

Paleozoic

Cambrian

Mesozoic

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  • mastersolution
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