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QUESTION

# Magnesium reacts with nitrogen to form magnesium nitride. The chemical formula for this reaction is Mg+N_2-&gt; MgN_2. What is the product, or what are the products, of this reaction?

The formula for magnesium nitride is Mg_3N_2.

As do many active metals, magnesium nitride can be formed by heating the metal (fiercely!) under dinitrogen gas:

3Mg + N_2 rarr Mg_3N_2

As a nitride it can by hydrolyzed by water to form magnesium hydroxide and ammonia gas:

Mg_3N_2(s) + 6H_2O(l) rarr 3Mg(OH)_2(aq) + 2NH_3(aq)

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