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Provide a 6 pages analysis while answering the following question: The Rise of Universities in Medieval Europe. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abs
Provide a 6 pages analysis while answering the following question: The Rise of Universities in Medieval Europe. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. On the one hand, a university represented a traditional craft-type corporation (Universitas), which brought together people of a specific occupation type. .At the same time, the internal organization of universities hold quite an unusual, for that sort of corporation, position - it was given the certain features of republicanism: all full-fledged “citizens” had the right to elect and be elected to various university positions.
According to some researchers, the earliest university in Medieval Europe was the one in Salerno. .It was developing based on the oldest medical school of Salerno, the first mention of which dates back to 197 A.D. The Hippocratic community (Civitas Hippocratica), which existed there, preserved and developed the best of the ancient medical heritage. .Salerno medical school, as one of the largest educational centers, was known until 1812. .However, it did not become a university. .Mainly, because the school did not teach on the same high level (as medicine) all the remaining subjects. .
The named above reason accounts for the fact that it’s considered that the most ancient European universities are the ones in Bologna, which was founded at the end of the 11th century, and Paris, the 12th century. .The named universities, although formed almost simultaneously, differed in their internal structure and epitomized the two main types of universities in Medieval Europe. .The first (Bologna) university developed as the major center for the study of Roman law in Western Europe. .According to contemporaries, .in the .early 13th century, more than .10 .thousand people .from all over .Europe studied in .Bologna. .
The famous Bolognese .professors .had so many .listeners .that had .to lecture .outside, in the streets. .Almost .all the languages .of Europe were .represented there. .The university became .known as a global one. .It was Bologna, where .for the first time, appeared the .so-called fraternities. .It grew up based on urban secular schools (School of Glossators) and was the organization of students. .This means that the student guilds arrogated to themselves the right to manage the entire process of university life.