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# Question 3. For the following tree, calculate the phylogenetic independent contrasts for the associated set of data. Numbers along each branch...

Can you please explain what phylogenetic independent contrast is and also explain how I can calculate it using the information provided below.

Question 3. For the following tree, calculate the phylogenetic independent contrastsfor the associated set of data. Numbers along each branch represent time in millionsof years (Note: I recommend presenting the final contrasts in the form of a datatable, and presenting calculations separately) Orbit WidthSpeciesl 5-5 Species 2 4.4 Species 3 5-0 Species 4 8.7 Species 5 9.6