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Question 9 1 pts Christiansen's study of identical twins versus fraternal twins revealed that these twins were no more similar in criminal behavior...
Christiansen's study of identical twins versus fraternal twins revealed that
these twins were no more similar in criminal behavior than any two siblings.
these twins were no more similar in their criminal behavior than any two people selected randomly.
identical twins were less likely to be criminal than fraternal twins.
identical twins were more similar in their criminal behavior than fraternal twins were.
Differential association theory states that boys become delinquent because of
the directly rewarding nature of most forms of delinquency.
lack of attachments to parents.
attachments to delinquent people.
response to pressures made by the "normal" world leads them to form deviant subcultures with alternative values and goals.
The rewards of criminal acts to the offenders are typically
well-maintained provided the offender is not arrested.
roughly equal to the victim's loss.
In which of the following do structural strain theory and social control theory disagree?
Whether or not access to desired rewards is unequal among different members of a society.
Whether or not people are normally motivated to be loyal to pursue certain socially-approved goals using certain socially-approved means.
Whether or not people who deviate are "pushed" into it, or made "free" to do it.
Whether or not the objects of deviant behavior are potentially attractive.
The typical criminal act in the United States
involves little effort.
is done by someone who thought through their decision to commit a crime very carefully.
is as likely to be committed by a women as by a man.
is interrupted due to the lengthy time typically involved in completing it.
The basic question social control theorists ask is
"Why do they do it?"
"Why don't they do it?"
"Why is this particular act considered deviant?"
"How do people learn deviant actions and values on others?"
According to the author of your text, which of the following presents problems for at least some aspect(s) of differential association theory?
Research on the extent to which criminality runs in families.
The existence of deviant subcultures.
Research on the issue of whether or not delinquents tend to have delinquent friends.
The issue of how deviant friends or relatives themselves became deviant.
According to Donald West and David Farrington's study of English families, ____ of families account for almost ____ of all criminal convictions.
Since she left the "straight life," Greta is "into" heroin as well as "punk" music, dress, and ideology. Among the people around her, she is not deviant at all; she is just "one of us" to other punks. Which theory would most specifically apply to Greta's situation?
The fundamental proposition on which most sociological theories of deviance are based is
those with the most power and wealth are those who will define what is "deviant" and who are "deviants."
attachments tend to produce conformity to others.
crime and deviance will be greater among the poor and dispossessed.
society needs deviance in order to define and reward normalcy.