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Research Article Critique, Part One Medical-surgical nurses' perceived self-confidence and leadership abilities as first responders in acute patient...

Research Article Critique, Part One

Medical-surgical nurses' perceived self-confidence and leadership abilities as first responders in acute patient deterioration events

(Hart et al., 2014)

Instructions:  A major skill that is learned in this course is how to critically read and critique nursing research articles. The purpose for critiquing an article is to critically evaluate the research process followed by the author(s) of the assigned article. This is an informationand time intensive process that is not learned overnight. To demonstrate your skill at critiquing an article, you will this open-book multiple choice assignment.

Here's how you should approach completing this week's assignment to finish critiquing an article:

1. First, p

assigned reading in Grove, Gray, and Burns (2015) and complete the reading worksheets early in the week. This will introduce you to the critique skills you will need for the week.

2. Skim the entire instructor assigned research article that has been posted on Blackboard for you so that you will have an idea of what it is about. Then, for this week, re-read carefully the first half of the article, starting with the abstract and stopping after the first paragraph of the results or "findings" section.

3. Print this document and find the best answer to each question below based on your Grove, Gray, and Burns (2015) assigned reading for the week and what you have read in the instructor assigned research article. 

4. Some of the questions in the critique assignment below will seem unfamiliar to you. Look up key terms from the question in your textbook. Some examples of these terms might be: problem statement, variables, and cross-sectional. You can also look in Chapter 12 for an example of a critical appraisal (or critique) of a quantitative research article.

5. Once you have completed this assignment "on paper", go into blackboard and enter your answers by the assignment due date and time listed in the syllabus. Ignore any wording from Blackboard that indicates that "this is a test" and carefully enter your answers from this document. 

6. You will have two access attempts to record your answers. This is given to you so that if you encounter technical difficulties on your first attempt, or you would like a second attempt to try to improve your grade, you may do so. You will not be able to see the questions that you missed when you submit your attempt. Blackboard will record the highest grade from the two submissions.

If you have questions about this assignment, you can post them to your group discussion board for help. Please do not post the exact question from the assignment below and ask the group for the answer as this would constitute academic dishonesty.

Questions 1 - 4: Research Problem and Purpose. (For help with these questions, refer to chapters 2, 5, and 12)

1. Which choices below best reflect the problem statement for the instructor-assigned article? 

a. The purpose of this study was to explore and understand medical-surgical nurses' perceived self-confidence and leadership abilities as first responders in recognizing and responding to patients experiencing acute deterioration (APD) prior to the arrival of a RRT or CRT.

b. The nature and scope of how self-confidence effects APD is unclear.

c.  Based on the findings of this review of literature, it is recognized that perceived self-confidence 

   and leadership abilities are major components of nursing and can be detrimental to nurse


       d. Very few quantitative studies have been conducted examining nurses' recognition and response to


2.  Which of the choices below best reflects the purpose statementfor the instructor assigned article?

a. Lack of self-confidence negatively affects the nature of the caring relationship and healing environment, interfering with the nurses' ability to observe, listen to, understand, and know the patient.

b.  To explore and understand medical-surgical nurses' perceived self-confidence and leadership

    abilities as first responders in recognizing and responding to patients experiencing acute 

    deterioration (APD) prior to the arrival of a RRT or CRT.

b. The Tanner's Clinical Judgement Model was used as the theoretical framework for the study. It provides a testable model for understanding the clinical reasoning and judgement of experienced nurses in a clinical setting.

c. Based on the findings of this review of literature, it is recognized that perceived self-confidence and leadership abilities are major components of nursing and can be detrimental to nurse decision-making.

3. According to Grove, Gray, and Burns (2015), which of the following statements are important when considering the significance and relevance of a study's problem and purpose(Select all that apply.)

a. Does it consider ethical principles in its design?

b. Does it predict the non-significant findings anticipated in the study?

c. Does it specifically influence nursing education in university settings?

d. Does it identify the future research to be generated by the study?

e. Does it promote theory testing or development?

f. Does it identify extraneous variables?

4. When considering the feasibility of a study's problem and purpose, Grove, Gray, and Burns (2015) suggest that several areas should be evaluated, including: researcher expertise, money commitment, ethical considerations, and availability of subjects, facilities, and equipment. Which of the following statements accurately assesses the feasibility of this article

a. Funding sources for the study were clearly identified in the article.

b. The author's credentials to design and conduct research are described.

c. 100% of the eligible subjects contacted participated in the study.

d. Evidence of protection of the subjects' rights was mentioned in this article. 

Questions 5 - 7: Review of the Literature. (For help with these questions, refer to chapters 6 & 12.)

5. According to Grove, Gray, and Burns (2015), which one of the following is NOT a major purpose of the review of literature (ROL):

a. Describing the current knowledge of the practice problem

b. Identifying gaps in the knowledge base of the practice problem 

c. Explaining how the current study contributes to the knowledge being built

d. To explain the reasons behind the selection of the statistics used in the study.

6. Select three MAJOR topics covered in the review of literature (ROL) from the list below:

a. Early warning signs of acute deterioration are not always recognized and addressed in a timely manner.

b.  Organizational, cultural and individual factors influence nurses' help-seeking behaviors during APD events.

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