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QUESTION

Reward and Punishment, sociology homework help (50 words each)

ORIGINALQUESTION

Rewardand Punishment

In this week’s Discussion, you and yourpeers will discuss justice. Justice is concerned with the fair use of rewardsand punishments. You and your peers will discuss some of these issues anddiscuss which theory of justice is most logical and ethical.

In addition to your posted answer, be sureto comment on at least two of your classmates’ posts and participate regularly.Please see Discussion Expectations in the Course Announcement.

What method of reward and punishment isused in your family, and how does it fit in with the three theories? Does itwork? Utilize the theories discussed in your reading.

In addition to your posted answer, be sureto comment on at least two of your classmates’ post and participate regularly.Responses to others can come in many forms and can include the following:

  • Respondingto the ideas or details of someone else's responses.
  • Takinga concept from the reading and applying it to life, to the reading itself,to your work, or to the questions you're asked to answer.
  • Helpinga peer understand a concept from the reading.
  • Sharinga story from work or your community that illustrates the reading.
  • Askingquestions on points you need help understanding.
  • Explainingwhy you answered a question in a specific way.
  • Pointingout how different answers took the question in different directions/notinga pattern/suggesting an explanation.
  • Developingtheories to explain patterns you see in the reading.
  • Summarizingaspects of the assigned reading and asking for help from your peers infiguring out how you would apply this concept in a real world situation.

STUDENT1 RESPONSE

In my family the approach to justice isnot limited to one single theory.  We use what seems to be a combinationof all three theories.  The restitution theory states that a victim iscompensated usually by the wrong-doer for his transgressions (Thiroux,2014).  My husband and I require our children to be responsible to thoseto whom they have caused harm with apologies and sometimes working off debtfrom damaged caused.  Other times a more utilitarian approach is used byforcing them to give up their time, efforts and money to those in need if it isa better lesson learned (Thiroux, 2014).  If they behave selfishly, havingthem give their time, share their goods, and spend their money on others is abetter lesson for all.  It teaches the kids to be less selfish and allowsthem to see the rewards of giving; while the act of giving to others spreadsmore care, time, energy, and money to a larger group of people, for instancevolunteering at the food pantry or helping tutor less fortunate students atschool. Although it is rare that we have to resort to the retribution (eye foran eye) theory, we do occasionally use it (Thiroux, 2014).  When the boysfight or when they are careless with actions, we do discipline them with theeye for an eye theory.  If one hits the other then the one hit first getsto hit back. If one takes something without asking, then the other has theright to pick something to take that belongs to his brother.  The lessonthere is to ask first, take only what belongs to you, and keep your hands toyourself.  Using a mixture of the theories works well for ourfamily.  We have very well behaved boys who rarely get in trouble, useexcellent manners, have great grades and are tremendous role models for otherstheir age. 

I do not think that any one theory is more logical and justified than theother.  I think they each have their strong points as well as theirweaknesses just as the ethics theories do.  I believe that differentjustice theories have to be considered depending on the severity of the offenceand the value of the reward deserved.  A mild approach would not suit amurderer just as a harsher approach would not suit a learning child. 

Thank you for taking time to read mypost.  I always love to hear what you have to say.

Warm wintertime wishes,

Reference:

Thiroux, Jacques P., Keith Krasemann. Ethics:Theory and Practice (Updated Edition), 11th Edition. Pearson LearningSolutions, 2014-12-01. VitalBook file.

STUDENT2 RESPONSE

Hi Professor and Classmates,

I believe that every now and then, therewill be different situations that can change an individual’s perspective on howto handle a crisis or issue, especially when it pertains to family and friends.When it comes to my family, we usually handle situations by following a mixtureof these theories. An example of Results theory would be when my youngercousins would do what they are told by keeping their rooms clean or doing allof their chores, they would later be rewarded with an allowance or extra TVtime. The same approach would be in effect if they did not do their chores, andthey would not be able to use their electronics or play games.

When it comes to the Compensation theory,the approach that my family has taken has been really effective and is usuallyturned into a learning experience. If one of the cousins were to break theirsibling’s toy or bully one another, then they would have to apologize and givetheir favorite toy to the sibling that they hurt. There will be mixed opinionson how some families solve their differences. Some of them will follow theDeserts theory, no mater what the consequences are. (Thiroux & Krasemann,2014). One of my uncle’s believe that if someone says something snarky or triesto inflict harm, then the same should be done towards them, an “eye for an eye”approach. Most of these theories have been applied to solve problems, and havebeen beneficial in decision-making.

Reference

Thiroux, J. P. & Krasemann, K. W.(2014) Ethics: Theory and practice, updated edition. Retrieved from https://kaplan.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781323130162/cfi/16!/4/2/34/4/2/2/[email protected]:0

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