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QUESTION

Strayer ACC403 week 7 quiz

Question 1

Proper segregation of functional responsibilities calls for separation of:

Answer

authorization, execution, and payment.

authorization, recording, and custody.

custody, execution, and reporting.

authorization, payment, and recording.

Question 2

Management must disclose material weaknesses in internal control in its audit report:

Answer

whenever the weakness is deemed significant to a single class of transactions.

whenever the weakness is significant to overall financial reporting objectives.

if the weakness exists at the end of the year.

only if the auditor identifies the weakness as significant.

Question 3

An act of two or more employees to steal assets and cover their theft by misstating the accounting records would be referred to as:

Answer

collusion.

a material weakness.

a control deficiency.

a significant deficiency.

Question 4

Reasonable assurance allows for:

Answer

low likelihood that material misstatements will not be prevented or detected by internal controls.

no likelihood that material misstatements will not be prevented or detected by internal control.

moderate likelihood that material misstatements will not be prevented or detected by internal control.

high likelihood that material misstatements will not be prevented or detected by internal control.

Question 5

Which of the following components of the control environment define the existing lines of responsibility and authority?

Answer

Organizational structure

Management philosophy and operating style

Human resource policies and practices

Management integrity and ethical values

Question 6

Which of the following is not one of the three primary objectives of effective internal control?

Answer

Reliability of financial reporting

Efficiency and effectiveness of operations

Compliance with laws and regulations

Assurance of elimination of business risk

Question 7

When assessing whether the financial statements are auditable, the auditor must consider:

Answer

that the integrity of management and the adequacy of accounting records are the two primary factors determining auditability.

that the integrity of management and the adequacy of risk management are the two primary factors determining auditability.

that if all of the transaction information is available only in electronic form without a visible audit trail, the company cannot be audited.

the control risk before determining if the entity is auditable.

Question 8

In performing the audit of internal control over financial reporting the auditor emphasizes internal control over class of transactions because:

Answer

the accuracy of accounting system outputs depends heavily on the accuracy of inputs and processing.

the class of transaction is where most fraud schemes occur.

account balances are less important to the auditor then the changes in the account balances.

classes of transactions tests are the most efficient manner to compensate for inherent risk.

Question 9

A five-step approach can be used to identify deficiencies, significant deficiencies, and material weaknesses. The first step in this approach is:

Answer

identify the absence of key controls.

consider the possibility of compensating controls.

determine potential misstatements that could result.

identify existing controls.

Question 10

Sarbanes-Oxley requires management to issue an internal control report that includes two specific items. Which of the following is one of these two requirements?

Answer

A statement that management is responsible for establishing and maintaining an adequate internal control structure and procedures for financial reporting

A statement that management and the board of directors are jointly responsible for establishing and maintaining an adequate internal control structure and procedures for financial reporting

A statement that management, the board of directors, and the external auditors are jointly responsible for establishing and maintaining an adequate internal control structure and procedures for financial reporting

A statement that the external auditors are solely responsible

Question 11

To issue a report on internal control over financial reporting for a public company, an auditor must:

Answer

evaluate management's assessment process.

independently assess the design and operating effectiveness of internal control.

evaluate management's assessment process and independently assess the design and operating effectiveness of internal control.

test controls over significant account balances.

Question 12

Narratives, flowcharts, and internal control questionnaires are three common methods of:

Answer

testing the internal controls.

documenting the auditor's understanding of internal controls.

designing the audit manual and procedures.    

documenting the auditor's understanding of a client's organizational structure.

Question 13

When considering internal controls, an important point to consider is that:

Answer

auditors can ignore controls affecting internal management information.

auditors are concerned with the client's internal controls over the safeguarding of assets if they affect the financial statements.

management is responsible for understanding and testing internal control over financial reporting.

companies must use the COSO framework to establish internal controls.

Question 14

Which of the following deficiency exists if a necessary control is missing or not properly formulated?

Answer

Control

Significant

Design

Operating

Question 15

2 out of 2 points

Correct

Which of management's assertions with respect to implementing internal controls is the auditor primarily concerned?

Answer

Efficiency of operations

Reliability of financial reporting

Effectiveness of operations

Compliance with applicable laws and regulations

Question 16

2 out of 2 points

Correct

When analyzing accounts for fraud risk:

companies will generally attempt to overstate accounts payable and net income.

the inventory account is generally not susceptible to fraud since the auditor must verify the existence of the inventory.

 payroll is rarely a significant risk for fraudulent financial reporting.

fixed assets are rarely stolen because of their large size

Question 17

2 out of 2 points

Correct

Auditing standards specifically require auditors to identify ________ as a fraud risk in most audits.

overstated assets

understated liabilities

improper revenue recognition

overstated expenses

Question 18

2 out of 2 points

Correct

Misappropriation of assets is normally perpetrated by:

Answer

members of the board of directors.

employees at lower levels of the organization.

management of the company.

the internal auditors 

Question 19

2 out of 2 points

Correct

Most cases of fraudulent reporting involve:

Answer

inadequate disclosures.

an overstatement of income.

an overstatement of liabilities.

an overstatement of expenses

Question 20

2 out of 2 points

Correct

Which of the following questions is the auditor not required to ask company management when assessing fraud risk?

Answer

Does management have knowledge of any fraud or suspected fraud within the company?

What are the nature of the fraud risks identified by management?

Is management using all assets effectively?

What internal controls have been implemented to address the fraud risks 

Question 21

2 out of 2 points

Correct

Two of the most useful warning signals that can indicate that revenue fraud is occurring are:

Answer

analytical procedures and documentary discrepancies.

analytical procedures and misappropriation of assets.

documentary discrepancies and vague responses to inquiries.

missing audit evidence and vague responses to inquiries

Question 22

2 out of 2 points

Correct

Fraud is more prevalent in smaller businesses and not-for-profit organizations because it is more difficult for them to maintain:

Answer

adequate separation of duties.

adequate compensation.

adequate financial reporting standards.

adequate supervisory boards

Question 23

2 out of 2 points

Correct

Which of the following is a factor that relates to incentives to misappropriate assets?

Answer

Significant accounting estimates involving subjective judgments

Significant personal financial obligations

Management's practice of making overly aggressive forecasts

High turnover of accounting, internal audit and information technology staff 

Question 24

2 out of 2 points

Correct

A company is concerned with the theft of cash after the sale has been recorded. One way in which fraudsters conceal the theft is by a process called "lapping." Which of the following best describes lapping?

Answer

Reduce the customer's account by recording a sales return

Write off the customer's account

Apply the payment from another customer to the customer's account

Reduce the customer's account by recording a sales allowance 

Question 25

2 out of 2 points

Correct

Companies may intentionally understate earnings when income is high to create ________ that may be used in future years to increase earnings.

Answer

income smoothing

cookie jar reserves

cash

sales 

Question 26

2 out of 2 points

Correct

Which of the following is least likely to uncover fraud?

Answer

External auditors

Internal auditors

Internal controls

Management 

Question 27

2 out of 2 points

Correct

When assessing the risk for fraud, the auditor must be cognizant of the fact that:

Answer

the existence of fraud risk factors means fraud exists.

analytical procedures must be performed on revenue accounts.

horizontal analysis is not useful in helping to determine unusual financial statement relationships.

the auditor cannot make inquiries about fraud to company personnel who have no financial statement responsibilities.

Question 28

2 out of 2 points

Correct

Fraud awareness training should be:

Answer

broad and all-encompassing.

extensive and include details for all functional areas.

specifically related to the employee's job responsibility.

focused on employees understanding the importance of ethics

Question 29

2 out of 2 points

Correct

Auditors need to exhibit professional skepticism when auditing a client. This auditing standard is best expressed by which of the following?

Answer

The auditor neither assumes dishonesty or honesty of management.

The auditor assumes dishonesty of management.

The auditor assumes honesty of management.

The auditor assumes management lacks integrity

Question 30

2 out of 2 points

Correct

Company management is often under pressure to increase revenue and/or net income. One approach is to use a "bill and hold" arrangement. This is an example of which of the following?

Answer

Significant accounting estimates

Fictitious revenue recorded

Premature revenue recognized

Alteration of cutoff documents 

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