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Suppose an Institution (acme.com) is allocated a /16 IP address block from their ISP: Acme.
Suppose an Institution (acme.com) is allocated a /16 IP address block from their ISP: 18.104.22.168/16. Acme.com is now free to subdivide the IP address block into subnets in a manner that matches their network topology. Acme needs to support a maximum of 256 hosts per subnet.
Answer the following questions regarding the institution's IP addressing allocation:
a) Complete the structure of Acme's IP addressing scheme in the figure below showing subnet ID and host ID and prefix lengths.
b) How many subnets can Acme support given 256 hosts per subnet ________________?
c) What is the maximum total number of hosts that can be supported in Acme's network __________________?
Assume packets are being forwarded to the Acme network via the ISP.
d) What part of the IP address and prefix length does the ISP base its forwarding decisions on?
e) What part of the IP address and prefix length does Acme network base its forwarding decisions on?