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This assessment task is designed to test your understanding of the unit material for weeks 4-6, and also to help you write an essay for your next
This assessment task is designed to test your understanding of the unit material for weeks 4-6, and also to help you write an essay for your next assignment, by giving you general tips and pointers. For this assessment task (AT2), your practice essay question is:
"Do you think that there is a morally relevant distinction between killing an Innocent Aggressor and killing an Innocent Bystander in self-defence? Explain why/why not. Justify your answer with reference to the prescribed readings (Unit Reader, chapter 2, sections 1-4)."
Q1. The introduction to this essay will need to provide a clear and succinct statement of the position you will be taking on the topic, as well as an indication of how you will argue for it. Write a paragraph that could actually be the introduction to an essay in response to the above question. (150 words, 6 marks)
Q2. Any good philosophy essay should have an expository component, in which you spell out the key ideas and arguments in question. The Unit Reader (pp. 36-8) suggests a potential rights-based argument for the view that there is a morally relevant distinction between killing Innocent Aggressors and killing Innocent Bystanders. Write a paragraph in which you spell out this argument in your own words. (180 words, 6 marks)
Q3. Any good philosophy essay should have an evaluative component, in which you consider the main opposing viewpoints to the key ideas and arguments in question. In Reading D of your Unit Reader, Michael Otsuka argues against the view that there is typically a morally relevant distinction between killing Innocent Aggressors and killing Innocent Bystanders in self-defence. Write a paragraph in your own words, using his ideas and arguments to challenge the view in Q2 above. (220 words, 7 marks).
[n.b. For this question, you are not required to state whether or not you find Otsuka's ideas and arguments compelling, but only to give a clear and neutral exposition of those ideas and arguments. If this were a real essay, however, you would be expected eventually to take an evaluative stance on the key arguments discussed, before coming to your own conclusion. Do keep this in mind for AT3.]
Q4. Any good essay must include a list of the references cited in your discussion. Provide a list of your principal source(s) here (50 words max, 1 mark)