Waiting for answer This question has not been answered yet. You can hire a professional tutor to get the answer.

QUESTION

# Trimethylamine, (CH3)3N, is a weak base (Kb = 6.4 × 10–5) that hydrolyzes by the following equilibrium: (CH3)3N + H2O → (CH3)3NH+ + OH– What is the pH of a 0.1 M solution of (CH3)3NH+? (Enter pH to 2 decimal places; hundredth's.

"pH" = 4.40

Your starting point here will be to write the balanced chemical equation that describes the ionization of the trimethylammonium cation, ("CH"_3)_3"NH"^(+), the conjugate acid of trimethylamine, ("CH"_3)_3"N".

Next, use an ICE table to determine the equilibrium concentration of the hydronium cations, "H"_3"O"^(+), that result from the ionization of the conjugate acid.

The trimethylammonium cation will react with water to reform some of the weak base and produce hydronium cations, both in a 1:1 mole ratio.

This means that for every mole of conjugate acid that ionizes, you get one mole of weak base and one mole of hydronium cations.

The ICE table will thus look like this

("CH"_ 3)_ 3"NH"_ ((aq))^(+) + "H"_ 2"O"_ ((l)) rightleftharpoons ("CH"_ 3)_ 3"N"_ ((aq)) + "H"_ 3"O"_ ((aq))^(+)

color(purple)("I")color(white)(aaaaacolor(black)(0.1)aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaacolor(black)(0)aaaaaaaaacolor(black)(0) color(purple)("C")color(white)(aaacolor(black)((-x))aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaacolor(black)((+x))aaaaacolor(black)((+x)) color(purple)("E")color(white)(aaacolor(black)(0.1-x)aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaacolor(black)(x)aaaaaaaaacolor(black)(x)

Now, you know that an aqueous solution at room temperature has

color(purple)(|bar(ul(color(white)(a/a)color(black)(K_a xx K_b = K_W)color(white)(a/a)|)))

where

K_w = 10^(-14) -> the ionization constant of water

Use this equation to calculate the acid dissociation constant, K_a, for the trimethylammonium cation

K_a = K_W/K_b

K_a = 10^(-14)/(6.4 * 10^(-5)) = 1.56 * 10^(-10)

By definition, the acid dissociation constant will be equal to

K_a = ([("CH"_3)_3"N"] * ["H"_3"O"^(+)])/([("CH"_3)_3"NH"^(+)])

In your case, you will have

K_b = (x * x)/(0.1 - x) = 6.4 * 10^(-5)

Since K_a has such a small value when compared with the initial concentration of the conjugate acid, you can use the approximation

0.1 - x ~~ 0.1

This will get you

1.56 * 10^(-10) = x^2/0.1

Solve for x to find

x = sqrt((1.56 * 10^(-10))/0.1) = 3.95 * 10^(-5)

Since x represents the equilibrium concentration of the hydronium cations, you will have

["H"_3"O"^(+)] = 3.95 * 10^(-5)"M"

As you know, the of the solution is defined as

color(blue)(|bar(ul(color(white)(a/a)"pH" = - log(["H"_3"O"^(+)])color(white)(a/a)|)))

Plug in your value to find

"pH" = - log(3.95 * 10^(-5)) = color(green)(|bar(ul(color(white)(a/a)4.40color(white)(a/a)|)))

LEARN MORE EFFECTIVELY AND GET BETTER GRADES!