Ryan, a follower of a certain religion, publishes an article in Secular Sunday magazine insisting that Congress base all federal law on his religious principles. The First Amendment guarantees Ryan’s freedom of
A. the press, speech, and religion.
B. speech and the press only.
C. none of the choices.
D. religion only.
The Abundant Resources for Energy Association would like a certain law enacted, administered, interpreted, and enforced in the best interest of its members, which include coal and oil companies. Under the Constitution, Congress
A. administers the laws.
B. enacts the laws.
C. interprets the laws.
D. enforces the laws.
Mia, a citizen of North Dakota, has certain rights under an employment contract with Oil Shale Mining, Inc., and wants to enforce them in the state of South Dakota. A South Dakota state court is most likely to enforce Mia’s rights under
A. the full faith and credit clause.
B. the commerce clause.
C. no provision in the U.S. Constitution.
D. the privileges and immunities clause.
Bailey owns and operates Nature’s Corporation, a destination resort in Colorado that features fresh water fishing, whitewater rafting, and mountain trail camping. The Constitution provides that no person shall be deprived of “life, liberty, or property without due process of law.” Included as “legal persons” under this clause are
A. the resort equipment and other “human-made creations.”
B. the corporation.
C. fish and other “beings in nature.”
D. none of the choices.
Tennessee enacts a statute that bans advertising that is in “bad taste.” A court would likely hold that this statute is
A. necessary to protect state interests
B. an unconstitutional restriction of speech.
C. justified by the need to protect individual rights.
D. constitutional under the First Amendment.
The U.S. Constitution sets out the authority and the limits of the branches of the government. The term checks and balances means that
A. Congress writes checks and the other branches balance the budget.
B. each branch has some power to limit the actions of the others.
C. the courts balance their authority against the other branches’ checklists.
D. the president “checks” the courts, which “balance” the laws.
Orinoco.com, an online seller of books, CDs, DVDs, games, and a variety of other consumer entertainment products, files a suit against the state of Nevada, claiming that a Nevada state law violates the commerce clause. The court will agree if the statute imposes a substantial burden on
A. interstate commerce.
B. a local government.
C. the state.
D. noneconomic activity.
A Metro City ordinance imposes a jail term, without a trial, on all vendors who operate in certain areas. A court would likely review this ordinance under the principles of
A. equal protection.
B. free exercise.
C. substantive due process.
D. procedural due process.
Brayden, a citizen of California, obtains a federal license to operate a commercial fishing boat in a certain area off the Northern California coast. The California state legislature enacts a law that bans all commercial fishing in that area. The state law most likely violates
A. the due process clause.
B. no provision in the U.S. Constitution.
C. the supremacy clause.
D. the commerce clause.
The state of Texas regulates private activities to protect or promote the public order, health, safety, and general welfare under its
A. taxing powers.
B. police powers.
C. supremacy powers.
D. spending powers.