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QUESTION

# What are some examples of neutralization?

A neutralization reaction is very much like a double replacement reaction, however, in a neutralization reaction the reactants are always an acid and a base and the products are always a salt and water.

The basic reaction for a double replacement react takes the following format:

AB + CD -> CB + AD

we will look at an example as Sulfuric Acid and Potassium Hydroxide neutralize each other in the following reaction:

H_2SO_4 + 2KOH -> K_2SO_4 + 2H_2O

In a neutralization reaction between an acid and a base the typical outcome is a salt formed by the positive ion from the base and the negative ion from the acid. In this case the positive potassium ion (K^+) and the polyatomic sulfate (SO_4) to for m the salt K_2SO_4.

The positive hydrogen (H^+) from the acid and the negative hydroxide ion (OH^-) from the base form the water HOH or H_2O.

Let us look at a second example with Nitric Acid and Calcium Hydroxide.

2HNO_3 + Ca(OH)_2 -> Ca(NO_3)_2 + 2H_2O

In this case the positive calcium ion (Ca^+2) and the polyatomic sulfate (NO_3^-) to for m the salt Ca(NO_3)_2.

The positive hydrogen (H^+) from the acid and the negative hydroxide ion (OH^-) from the base form the water HOH or H_2O.

I hope this was helpful. SMARTERTEACHER