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What is segregation? What happens to alleles during segregation?
Segregation basically means separation. During the gamete formation . alleles get separated from each other and each allele enters a single gamete. Separation of one allele does not affect the other. After separation since each gamete has only one allele , so they are pure for a single character , that is why law of segregation if often called 'Law of purity of gametes'