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# What is the theoretical yield of sodium chloride for the reaction of 36.0 g Na with 75.2 g Cl2 of the following 2NA+Cl2---> 2NaCl? I keep getting stuck with my conversions. I started with 36.0g NA (1 mol Na/22.99g Na) (1 mol Cl2/2mol Na) =0.782 mol Cl2....

The theoretical yield is 91.5g of ##NaCl##

**Method 1**

Start with the equation:

##2Na_((s))+Cl_(2(g))rarr2NaCl_((s))##

So 2 mole ##Na## reacts with 1 mole ##Cl_2## to give 2 moles##NaCl##

Convert moles to grams: ##A_r Na=23## ##A_rCl=35.5##

2x23 = 46g ##Na## reacts with 2x 35.5 = 71g ## Cl_2## to give 2x(23 +35.5 ) = 117g ##NaCl##

Use simple proportion to find how much would be made from 36g ##Na## by first working out what 1 g of ##Na## would give by dividing through by 46:

(46/46)g ##Na## reacts with (71/46) g ##Cl_2## to give (117/46)g ##NaCl##

So:

1g ##Na## reacts with 1.54g ##Cl_2## to give 2.54g ##NaCl##

So:

36g ##Na## reacts with 1.54x36= 55.44g ##Cl_2## to give 2.54x36=91.44g ##NaCl##

You can see that the chlorine is in excess so the theoretical yield is 91.5g of ##NaCl## to 1sf.

**Method 2**

Start with the balanced equation as above. Calculate the amount of NaCl that can form from each reactant.

36.0 g Na × ##"1 mol Na"/"22.99 g Na" × "2 mol NaCl"/"2 mol Na"## = 1.566 mol NaCl (3 significant figures + 1 guard digit)

75.2 g Cl₂ × ##("1 mol Cl"_2)/("70.91 g Cl"_2) × "2 mol NaCl"/("1 mol Cl"_2)## = 2.121 mol NaCl

The Na gives fewer moles of NaCl, so Na is the limiting reactant.

The theoretical yield is

1.566 mol NaCl × ##"58.44 g NaCl"/"1 mol NaCl" =" 91.5 g NaCl"##

**Method 3**

Divide the moles of each reactant by its coefficient in the balanced equation.

36.0 g Na × ##"1 mol Na"/"22.99 g Na" =" 1.566 mol Na"## (3 significant figures + 1 guard digit)

75.2 g Cl₂ × ##("1 mol Cl"_2)/("70.91 g Cl"_2) =" 2.121 mol Cl"_2##

##2"Na" + "Cl"_2 → 2"NaCl"##

##1.566/2##; ##2.121/1##

0.7829; 2.121

NaCl gives fewer "moles of reaction", so NaCl is the limiting reactant.

So theoretical yield is

0.7829 mol reaction × ##"2 mol NaCl"/"1 mol reaction" × "58.44 g NaCl"/"1 mol NaCl"## = 91.5 g NaCl