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Write 11 page essay on the topic International organization/ International governmental organization (IGO).ing with the establishment of the GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade), the world re
Write 11 page essay on the topic International organization/ International governmental organization (IGO).
ing with the establishment of the GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade), the world realized that the reduction of barriers and uniting on economical means leads to stability in the global perspective. As the illustration of this idea the WTO appeared. However, in most of cases it becomes more and more evident that written in agreements proclaims not always work in the reality. In this situation, on the current level of global development international governmental organizations in general and the WTO in particular meet numerous complications that distract them from its primary goals. In a given essay, the weakness of the WTO is represented in international context because of its historical roots, organizational structure, and policies provided in favor to certain national governments in making the final decisions.
To start with, the WTO organization has a long history and its appearance did not change radically all the previous mistakes. At first, the WTO appeared to support the post-war international system in economical dimension. As Sek (2003) defines the historical background of the organization, “the United States and several other developed countries, sought to establish an open and nondiscriminatory trading system with the goal of raising the economic well-being of all countries” (p. 1). In other words, the reason of the WTO creation has rather idealistic than rational purpose for several scholars. However, the real background of contemporary appearance of the WTO is based on the GATT establishment not the ITO (International Trade Organization) just because USA approved the first project nor the latter one (Sek, 2003, p. 1). Therefore, the WTO is the logical outcome of the consensus concerning the future of the international relations. In practice, the GATT played its role as it had succeeded in establishing both certain border measures and the internal policies on trade of good (Sek, 2003, p. 6). Among the chief proposals of the GATT, there is