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Write 12 page essay on the topic Diabetes Patient Management.Download file to see previous pages The paper considers the aims, methodology, ethical factors, results and analysis of the two papers and
Write 12 page essay on the topic Diabetes Patient Management.Download file to see previous pages
The paper considers the aims, methodology, ethical factors, results and analysis of the two papers and discusses how they can be of benefit to NIDDM patients and the role of nurses in the self-management of this condition.
Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common secondary chronic diseases that beset primary care patients in the US. (Lilley and Levine 1998) In the case of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) it has been found that medical outcomes are often affected by patient behavior and degree of self-management. The extent to which traditional diabetes care was failed to attain desired medical outcomes has made it necessary for those in the professions that directly and indirectly relate to patient care management to consider other approaches, such a self-efficacy and effective clinician-patient communications. (Coates and Rae 2006, pp. 234-235) Because patients have to work in conjunction with health care professionals to ensure proper health maintenance, the degree to which the health care professional conveys and communicates diabetes education and affects behavior has a significant impact in managing the condition to a satisfactory level.
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From a research point of view, however, providing evidence for the extent of this impact or determining ways in which this can be used in the clinical context can be problematic as much of the data that can be gathered is qualitative in nature. Qualitative is not considered as definitive as quantitative research methods, but in cases where analysis and interpretation of subjective data such as anecdotes, stories and experiences are involved, the only possible method is qualitative.
There are some issues that complicate the use of qualitative research, not the least of which is the risk of biased subject selection, data gathering, and interpretation of information. More often than not, the information gathered can be highly personal, potentially sensitive and culturally problematic especially if not handled in context. It is therefore necessary that ethical considerations for each stage of the research be kept in mind at all times to preserve the soundness of the study itself.
This paper will consider two kinds of qualitative research in an effort to review how effective they were in accomplishing the aims of the study, the appropriateness of the methods used in selecting subjects and data gathering as well as the type of analysis used to interpret the raw data.
II. Background of the research papers
The two research papers under review tackle some aspects of patient self-management using qualitative measures.