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Write 12 page essay on the topic Legal Perspectives of International Football.Download file to see previous pages... Sports are considered as apolitical in the sense of being neutral and value-free in
Write 12 page essay on the topic Legal Perspectives of International Football.Download file to see previous pages...
Sports are considered as apolitical in the sense of being neutral and value-free in terms of cultural values, but it plays different roles in relation to different cultures. It is able to reproduce power relations as sports is a reflection about the dynamics of social change in society and organizations like FIFA and IOC are more influential than many countries. With the significant changes in the sphere of competitive sport, law also has assumed an increasing importance in regulating sport. It is argued that commercialization of sport has brought incremental change and today it is increasingly commodified and developing as an integral part of leisure industry. In this perspective Sports Law reflects the dynamics of power relations in society and changes, as social, political and economic relations shift, and law is not a neutral mechanism, separate from social values. Therefore, the use of law in regulating sport has to be understood in the context and recognition of it being used in a contingent and ideological way.
Sports may be distinguished by its characteristics of standardized rules, official regulatory agencies, importance of organizational and technical aspects and the learning of strategies, skills and tactics by participants. The nature of competition in sports is special since it depends on the concepts of equal opportunity, fair play, and solidarity, and there is an interdependence of interest between participants in sporting competition. Competition is a fundamental prerequisite for sport and when sporting activity is motivated by money and fame, and at the same time there is commercialization and commodification, together with the spectacularization, it is likely to create competition and conflicts among organizers and participants. To quote Howard M. Stupp, Director of Legal Affairs, The International Olympic Committee "Sport has continued to grow as a global phenomenon, and the impact of law on sport and sports events has increased significantly" (Forward to Gardiner, et al, 2006, p.v). According to Blackshaw (2003) "Sport is big business accounting for more than three per cent of world trade and one per cent of the combined GNP of the 15 member states of the European Union (EU)." Numerous job opportunities are created, directly or indirectly, in Sport related activities involving sports sponsorship, endorsement, licensing, merchandising, image rights and broadcasting arrangements. The commercial importance of sports led to the creation of nodal agencies for control and monitoring of sport activities.
A study of sports law also require a deep understanding of the constitution of sporting clubs, their functioning, and contract terms between players and clubs. All those who are interested in sports are familiar with acronyms or set of initials denoting the bodies which administer particular sports. To lawyers and some sports administrators, however, the differences can be critical, as the clubs and individuals which win or lose the games may play to the same rules on the field, but off the field they may differ from each other in their legal characteristics. As such, most national bodies in England, particularly in professional sports, are incorporated as companies with limited liabilities.