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Write a 7 pages paper on management and theories for motivation of employees.  .He introduced his theory in his book ‘The Human Side of Enterprise’ which was published in 1960. He maintained t
Write a 7 pages paper on management and theories for motivation of employees.  .He introduced his theory in his book ‘The Human Side of Enterprise’ which was published in 1960. He maintained that there were two main ways of managing people. His theory acts as a reminder to the managers who under normal pressure forget the rules of managing people within an organization (Leadership, 2006).
The Hard Approach: This approach for the management was based on compulsion, threatening, tight controls, and very close supervision. The management was expected to build an environment of command and control where employees would have to follow all the rules set down by the management. This approach, however, was not the optimum approach as it led employees to become very de-motivated and result in low productivity, unwillingness to cooperate with management and resentment. The main reason for the hard behavior of the management was based on the assumption that most people do not like work and only commanding and control would make people work. This resulted in managers utilizing the authoritarian approach of leadership where employees would work only under the threat of punishment.
The Soft Approach: Unlike the hard approach this was a completely different approach where the management would require building an environment of harmony within the organization for employees. The main reason and aim behind this approach are that if employees are treated with a soft approach the employees would reciprocate by working harder and cooperate with the management when asked to do so. This approach based on the assumption that employees would cooperate when requested, this, however, was not the case. Management realized the approach resulted in the employees requesting for more rewards for lesser work output. This is an extreme approach and it was noticed that the approach resulted in making .employees lazier with endless requests for rewards.