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Compose a 1500 words essay on Scientific Management Theory: Organizational Behavior. Needs to be plagiarism free!This essay examines the various contextual dimensions of scientific management theory.
Compose a 1500 words essay on Scientific Management Theory: Organizational Behavior. Needs to be plagiarism free!
This essay examines the various contextual dimensions of scientific management theory. In understanding Taylor’s scientific management theory it is necessary to first examine foundational elements. The proto-ideas of Taylor’s theory were first developed in the late 19th century. While Taylor was admitted to Harvard University he ultimately decided not to attend the school and instead enter the workforce (Kanigel 1997). Eventually, Taylor became a lathe operator and foreman at Midvale Steel (Kanigel 1997). It was during his employment here that the baseline tenants of his theory emerged. Taylor recognized that the various workers all had various levels of productivity. These differing productivity levels were caused by a variety of elements, including personal talents and motivation. While management had general assumptions regarding these differences, no structured or scientific articulation of them had been established. Taylor set about developing a scientific management theory of human productivity. Taylor’s vision was to work towards establishing standardization through careful analysis and synthesis of results. Taylor’s initial steps in working towards this standardization were to abandon previous work reviews for a process that demanded close managerial scrutiny (Kanigel 1997). Indeed, this higher level of micromanagement was one of the major challenges of Taylor’s system. While Taylor’s method is referred to as scientific management theory, it’s other names attest to a variety of divisions in this approach. In addition to scientific management theory, this approach has been referred to as Taylorism. While in practice the two terms of oftentimes used synonymously, in much of the prominent literature a distinction is made between the two concepts (Archibald 1999). The main distinction the literature makes between these two categories is that Taylorism is supposed to refer to the early incarnations of Taylor’s theory or the ‘first form’ classical perspective. Conversely, scientific management theory is the more developed of the managerial processes. One considers that while Taylorism had been articulated as early as 1895 with Taylor’s text ‘A Piece Rate System’, and in 1903 with his text ‘Shop Management,’ it wasn’t until 1910 that Louis Brandeis first coined the term ‘scientific management’ (Kulliver 2001). The notion of Taylorism as a specific organizational approach died out in the 1930s, but scientific management has emerged and evolved throughout the rest of the 20th century. While scientific management is a specific approach, it fits within the context of the late 19th century and 20th-century economic efficiency movements. Broadly speaking the efficiency movements sought to increase human efficiency, decrease waste, and implement the empirical methodology in doing so. Termed the Efficiency Movement among the prominent organizational elements that emerged during this period were lean manufacturing, Six Sigma, Fordism, and operations management. There are a number of prominent tenants to scientific management theory. One of the major elements of this approach is referred to as soldiers.