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Hello, I am looking for someone to write an essay on Discuss the evolution of management principle from the Classical School to the present : this should constitute not more than. It needs to be at le
Hello, I am looking for someone to write an essay on Discuss the evolution of management principle from the Classical School to the present : this should constitute not more than. It needs to be at least 1500 words.Download file to see previous pages...
The early theories, however, was based on mere assumptions but were highly relevant at the time. The managers who coined such theories did so with an attempt to understand the human behavior, though with remarkably little effort. 1. Scientific Management Theory. This theory is developed with the need to improve on productivity in the various industries at the time (Cole, 2004). There was a shortage of skilled labor in countries such as the United States and therefore, the only way to improve productivity was through increasing the efficiency of the available laborers. It is for this reason that Fredrick Taylor, Henry Gannt and Frank and Lillian Gilberth coined this concept. Taylor, therefore, stated that for productivity and efficiency to improve, there needs to be a complete over haul on the management and labor departments. He claimed that these two departments ought to focus on improving productivity rather than quarreling over profits. Based on Taylor’s findings in a study he did on management system on a production line. he concluded that workers need to make use of their working equipment and manage time well. He also deduced that a formula for payment should be devised such that productive workers were paid more than the others. Henry Gannt, on the other hand, reconsidered Taylor’s insensitive assumptions and coined his own. His system involved giving the workers a fifty percent bonus to those who cleared their day’s works. He also gave the supervisors bonuses for each daily standard reached by the workers, plus an extra bonus if all workers reached it. Frank and Lillian Gilbreths contribution to this theory was that they studied fatigue and motion and focused on means of improving the welfare of the workers. Their aim, therefore, was to improve the welfare of the workers if their maximum potential as human beings is to be met. 2. Classical Organization Theory School. This theory deals with formulating guidelines that would be used in managing sophisticated organizations such as industries. This system of management, therefore, was formulated by Henry Fayol, and they comprised of the following. The division of labor, authority, discipline members in an organization, unit of commands, unit of direction, subordinate of individual interest to common good, remuneration, centralization, the hierarchy, order, equity, stability of staff, initiative and finally a promoting team spirit, also referred to as esprit de corps (Adetule, 2011). 3. The Behavioral School and Management Science Theory. The behavioral school theory had been developed to respond to the flaws of classical organization theory and as expected, people did not follow the set out system of management, and this frustrated the managers. There was a need to assist the managers relate well with the people aspect in an organization. This resulted to the human relations movement which explicitly explained how managers relate with their workers. Theorists, who concurred with this school, believed that employees should be treated as individuals, resources and assets to be natured and worked with. Management Theory, on the other hand, tries to establish the relationship between actions, outcomes and situations. It, therefore, aims at showing the interdependence between the various aspects in the managerial system. The management theory has several approaches used to achieve its goal.