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# How do you find ##sin(pi/12)## and ##cos(pi/12)##?

Use the cosine and sine half angle formulas:

- ##sin(theta/2)=+-sqrt((1-cos(theta))/2)##
- ##cos(theta/2)=+-sqrt((1+cos(theta))/2)##

First, let's solve for ##sin(pi/12)##. If we let ##theta=pi/6##, then we see that:

##sin((pi/6)/2)=+-sqrt((1-cos(pi/6))/2)##

We will take the positive root since the angle ##(pi/6)/2=pi/12##, which is in the first quadrant, where sine is positive.

##color(blue)(sin(pi/12))=sqrt((1-sqrt3/2)/2)=sqrt((2-sqrt3)/4)color(blue)(=sqrt(2-sqrt3)/2##

The cosine method is almost identical. The positive root will again be taken because cosine is also positive in the first quadrant.

##cos((pi/6)/2)=sqrt((1+cos(pi/6))/2)##

Hence:

##color(red)(cos(pi/12))=sqrt((1+sqrt3/2)/2)=sqrt((2+sqrt3)/4)color(red)(=sqrt(2+sqrt3)/2)##