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QUESTION

# How to find valency of zinc?

You take a look at its .

Zinc is located in period 4, group 12 of the and has an equal to 30.

This means that neutral zinc atom has a total of 30 electrons surrounding its nucleus. To see how many of these electrons are , write the of a neutral zinc atom.

"Zn": 1s^2 2s^2 2p^6 3s^2 3p^6 4s^2 3d^10

or, if you use the

"Zn": ["Ar"] 4s^2 3d^10

Notice that the outermost shell, which for zinc is the fourth shell, "n=4", has two electrons.

This means that zinc can lose the two electrons located in the 4s-orbital to be become the Zn^(2+) cation.

"Zn"^(2+): ["Ar"] 3d^10

Notice that the 3d-orbital is completely filled, which means that these electrons behave like core electrons and cannot be considered .

Therefore, zinc has only 2 , both located in the 4s-orbital.