​1. Leadership focuses on the ________.

​downward influence of a leader on his or her followers

​importance of lateral and upward influence patterns

​ways to increase a leader’s following

​elimination of dependency in relationships

​2. Although there are clear differences between management and leadership,

​There is little research to support one or the other.

​Leadership is more valued than management.

​Management is more valued than leadership.

The two constructs overlap

3. ​If your superior tells you that she will offer you a raise provided you perform additional work beyond the requirements of your job, he/she is exercising ________ power.





​4. Liz is a team leader at a local grocery store Recently her boss said that she needs to address the negative attitudes of employees. To try and fix this problem, she has begun awarding gift-cards to employees who have great attitudes. What internal leadership intervention is Liz addressing?

​Managing conflict

​Satisfying needs

​Goal focusing

​Facilitating decisions

​5. Contingency theory is concerned with ______ and _______.

​Styles; situations

​Leadership; situations

​Traits; situations

​Leaders; followers

​6. How does servant leadership differ from path-goal theory?

​Focuses on the behaviors leaders should exhibit to put followers first.

​Is unconcerned with the way leaders should treat followers.

​Focuses on the need for leaders to perfect themselves before helping others.

​Makes the need for task completion necessary before relationships can thrive.

​7. Argued that the major activities of management and leadership are played out differently; but both are essential to an organization:





 8. ​The team leadership model puts who or what in the driver’s seat of team effectiveness?



​Satisfying needs


​9. Considering a cultural approach to leadership leadership should be conceptualized as:

​An ability or skill

​A relationship between a leader and a follower

​A set of behaviors

​A dynamic social process

​10. Subordinates who have strong needs for affiliation prefer which type of leadership behavior?


​Achievement oriented



​11. Which best describes the reason situational leadership is so practical for managers to use?

​Its specific nature

​Assist in relating demographics to leadership

​Its straightforward nature

​It is only applicable to lower-level managers

​12. During a speech given by your department director, he repeatedly emphasizes the importance of reaching goals set by the organization. He then goes on to lay out the framework to accomplish the goals. According to contingency theory, which best describes your director?

​High LPC score

​Relationship motivated

​Task motivated

​Position power

​13. Of the bases of power, research indicates that ________ power is most effective.





​14. According to research one way women can advance in leadership is

​By blending individualized consideration with inspirational motivation.

​By leading in a more democratic manner than men.

By acting masculine and assertive, and not in feminine ways.

​By strongly resisting stereotype threats.

​15. Which of the following leadership theories expects the leader to continually be concerned about subordinate motivation?

​Leader-member exchange theory

​Situational leadership theory

​Path-goal theory

​Contingency theory

​16. What type of power did Bill Gates have when he and Paul Allen started Microsoft?





​17. The Ohio State studies considered the behaviors of consideration and initiating structure as:

​High value and low value


​Distinct and independent

​Cause and effect

​18. Critical factors for developing a cultural based leadership development program may include:

​Focuses on all levels of an organization from the individual to the wider organization, gathers ethnographic data, and looks at many aspects of cultures.

​Starts the evaluation at the assessment phase, gathers formal data, and focuses on the language of the participants.

There are no critical factors. Leaders should be sent to various countries and allowed to learn that way.

Focuses on the organization as a whole rather than the individual, demographic information, and formal data gathering.

​19. Critical life events affect authentic leadership because

​They act as a catalyst for change.

​They are a common occurrence.

They reinforce patterned behaviors.

​They influence a multitude of people.

​20. The following traits are associated with charismatic leadership:

​Self-monitoring, impression management

​Physical attractiveness, height

​Desire for power, desire to help others

​Intelligence, self-confidence

​21. Your parents and older siblings are all successful elected officials. After graduation, it is suggested by many that you should seek office and, in turn, offer you their support. Which best describes the leadership approach being demonstrated?

​Leadership as a process

​Expert power

​Trait perspective

​Style approach to leadership

​22. To create change, transformational leaders______________.

​Value out-group member’s opinions.

​Focus on the task at hand.

​Leave followers to work on their own.

​Become strong role models for their followers.

​23. Which type of leadership is most similar to transformational leadership?





​24. Questionnaires on situational leadership often ask for respondents to look at specific applications of leadership styles within situations, which may result in:

​Negative perceptions toward the organizations

​Biased results in favor of situational leadership

​Results that are not in favor of situational leadership

​Wide range of responses that are hard to validate

​25. In the skills model which of these is a general cognitive ability?

​Problem-solving skills



​Information processing

​26. In which way are leadership and power often approached?

​From the perspective of the follower

​As a form of coercion

​As positional power

​As a relational concern for both leaders and followers

​27. Your boss listens to employees personal problems and tries to create a positive work environment by being agreeable, eager to help, comforting, and uncontroversial. This is an example of:

​Middle-of-the-road management

​Authority-compliance management

​Team management

​Country-club management

​28. Mary has managed the mailroom for 2 years Management views Mary as a person with special leadership talent, such as intelligence, sociability, and determination.  What approach is management using in assessing Mary?

​Trait approach

​Styles approach

​Managerial grid approach

​Attribution approach

​29. The leader is at the core of group change and activity representing the backbone of the group or organization. Leadership is viewed as:

​Focus of group processes

​Leadership as a behavior

​Leadership as an act

​Personality perspective

​30. Of the Big Five personality factors which is the most strongly associated with leadership?

​Social status


​Emotional intelligence



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