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Need an research paper on why did the ottoman empire collapse in the end of the 19th and early part of the 20th centuries including world war i be sure to analyze the reform efforts of mahmet ali and
Need an research paper on why did the ottoman empire collapse in the end of the 19th and early part of the 20th centuries including world war i be sure to analyze the reform efforts of mahmet ali and then the young turks. ultimately, why did they fail. Needs to be 1 page. Please no plagiarism. The collapse of Ottoman Empire [Insert al Affiliation] The Ottoman Empire also knows as Turkish Empire was a Sunni Islamic established by Oghuz Turks under Osman I in 1299. Throughout the 16th and 17th centuries, the Ottoman Empire was meticulous at the height of its supremacy under the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent (Khater, 2004). Since, the Ottoman Empire was an outstanding multilingual empire and multinational controlling much of Southeast Europe, the Caucasus, North Africa, Western Asia, and the Horn of Africa (Gelvin, 2005). However, following a lengthy epoch of military setback against European powers, the Ottoman Empire progressively declined in the late 19th century. Therefore, we shall candidly try to explicate on the collapse of Ottoman Empire at the end of the 19th and early part of the 20th and analyze the reform efforts of Mahmet Ali and the Young Turks.
The forces that shattered this old and once powerful state was the loss for the Empires to Europe, and indeed the horrific conflicts caused by WWI hence amplifying instability and chaos. It divulged it to external assault by the European opponent and deteriorating its control over the resources and population it claimed to rule. Conversely, reform attempts in the Ottoman Empire by Mahmet Ali and the Young Turks were efforts of updating the economy administration, and military of the Islamic empire that united much of the Islamic world in the Levant (Gelvin, 2005). However, due to decline in economic factor and political corruption associated with Ali and the Young Turks this destabilized them in the face of Europe’s expanding power. Consequently, the empire lost its military and technological superiority. Whereas the European army were persistently advancing their artillery, the Ottomans let them languish, thus putting them in a susceptible situation against their opponents
Consequently, the impact of WWI on the Middle East led to the destruction of the old order as it resulted in the loss of multinational by the Ottoman Empire hence fostering it declines (Khater, 2004). Finally, the shock of World War I destroyed the Ottoman Empire once and for all, hence by 1918 Empire ceased to exist, leading to mushrooming of recent secular state such as Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, and Israel.
Gelvin, .J. .L. (2005). .The modern Middle East: A history. New York: Oxford University Press.
Khater, .A. .F. (2004). .Sources in the history of the modern Middle East. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.