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QUESTION

POST IBA301 FINAL EXAM

Question 1 

Which of the following is not characteristic of globalization?

National economies are turning into independent economic systems.

Material culture is starting to look similar the world over.

Perceived distance is shrinking due to advances in transportation and telecommunications.

Barriers to cross-border trade and investment are declining.

0.5 points   

Question 2 

Globalization has _____ the opportunities for a firm to expand its revenues by selling around the world and _____ its costs by producing in nations where key inputs are cheap.

reduced, reduced

increased, increased

increased, reduced

reduced, increased

0.5 points   

Question 3 

Since the collapse of communism at the end of the 1980s, the erstwhile communist nations have transformed their economies by encouraging all of the following except:

privatizing state-owned enterprises.

regulating markets.

increasing competition.    

welcoming investment by foreign businesses.

0.5 points   

Question 4 

Identify the incorrect statement concerning globalization.

It has been blamed for unemployment in developed nations, environmental degradation and the Americanization of popular culture.

It has created new threats for businesses accustomed to dominating their domestic markets.

It is transforming industries and is highly welcomed by those who believed their jobs were protected from foreign competition.

According to most economists it is a very beneficial process where gains outweigh the losses by a wide margin.

0.5 points   

Question 5 

In the U.S., _____ percent of firms that export are small companies employing fewer than 100 people.

90

75

50

30

0.5 points   

Question 6 

Interdependent political, economic, and legal systems of a country make up its:

administrative agenda.

socioeconomic fabric.

economic environment.

political economy.

0.5 points   

Question 7 

_____ is consistent with the notion that an individual's right to do something may be restricted because it runs counter to "the good of society" or "the common good."

Entrepreneurship

Collectivism

Free enterprise

Capitalism

0.5 points   

Question 8 

According to _____, socialism can only be achieved through violent revolution.

capitalists

communists

social democrats

democrats

0.5 points   

Question 9 

_____ is/are best defined as shared assumptions about how things ought to be.

Norms

Values

Society

Culture

0.5 points   

Question 10 

_____ are social conventions concerning things such as the appropriate dress code in a particular situation, good social manners, eating with the correct utensils, neighborly behavior, and the like.

Values

Beliefs

Mores

Folkways

0.5 points   

Question 11 

Mores are:

the norms that are seen as central to the functioning of a society and its social life.

the routine conventions of everyday life.

abstract ideas about what a group believes to be right, good, and desirable.

the social rules and guidelines that prescribe appropriate behavior in particular situations.

0.5 points   

Question 12 

The theory of _____, developed by Michael Porter, focuses on the importance of country factors, in addition to factor endowments, such as domestic demand and domestic rivalry in explaining a nation's dominance in the production and export of particular products.

new trade

absolute advantage

comparative advantage

national competitive advantage

0.5 points   

Question 13 

The theory of _____ makes a crude case for government involvement in promoting exports and limiting imports.

mercantilism

free trade

absolute advantage

comparative advantage

0.5 points   

Question 14 

By lowering production costs, _____ help domestic producers compete against foreign imports.

tariffs

duties

quotas

subsidies

0.5 points   

Question 15 

In the United States, the only firms allowed to import cheese are certain trading companies, each of which is allocated the right to import a maximum number of pounds of cheese each year. Identify the trade restriction being imposed by the United States.

Import quota

Subsidy

Ad valorem tariff

Specific tariff

0.5 points   

Question 16 

A quota rent is:

a quota on trade imposed by the exporting country.

levied as a fixed charge for each unit of a good imported.

levied as a proportion of the value of the imported good.

the extra profit producers make when supply is artificially limited by an import quota.

0.5 points   

Question 17 

Which of the following is not a reason why firms prefer to acquire existing assets rather than undertake green field investments?

Foreign firms are acquired because those firms have valuable strategic assets.

Firms make acquisitions because they believe they can increase the efficiency of the acquired unit by transferring capital, technology, or management skills.

Even though green field investments are comparatively less risky for a firm, acquisitions always yield higher profits.

Mergers and acquisitions are quicker to execute than green field investments.

0.5 points   

Question 18 

The rise in FDI in the services sector is a result of all of the following except:

the general move in many developed countries away from manufacturing and toward services.

accelerating regulations of services.

many services cannot be traded internationally.

many countries have liberalized their regimes governing FDI in services.

0.5 points   

Question 19 

Identify the theory that seeks to explain why firms often prefer foreign direct investment over licensing as a strategy for entering foreign markets.

Internalization theory

Internationalization theory

Perfect markets theory

Small markets theory

0.5 points   

Question 20 

An agreement between countries in a geographic region to reduce tariff and nontariff barriers to the free flow of goods, services, and factors of production between each other is referred to as:

regional economic integration.

socioeconomic integration.

political integration.

economic-political integration.

0.5 points   

Question 21 

In 1991, Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay implemented an agreement known as:

NAFTA.

MERCOSUR.

APEC.

FTAA.

0.5 points   

Question 22 

Which of the following is true of a common market?

All barriers to the trade of goods and services among member countries are removed and each country maintains its own policy toward nonmember countries.

It involves the free flow of products and factors of production between member countries and adoption of individual external trade policies.

It has no barriers to trade between member countries, includes a common external trade policy, and allows factors of production to move freely between members.

It eliminates trade barriers between member countries and adopts a common external trade policy and a common currency.

0.5 points   

Question 23 

The rate at which one currency is converted into another is the:

replacement percentage.

resale rate.

exchange rate.

interchange ratio.

0.5 points   

Question 24 

The _____ helps us to compare the relative prices of goods and services in different countries.

interest rate

customs rate

exchange rate

tariff rate

0.5 points   

Question 25 

When two parties agree to exchange currency and execute the deal immediately, the transaction is a:

point-in-time exchange.

temporal exchange.

spot exchange.

forward exchange.

0.5 points   

Question 26 

If lots of people want euros and euros are in short supply, and a few people want Japanese yen and yen are in plentiful supply, the euro is likely to _____ against the yen.

depreciate

appreciate

devalue

stabilize

0.5 points   

Question 27 

If the demand for dollars outstrips its supply and if the supply of Japanese yen is greater than the demand for it, what will happen?

The dollar will appreciate against the yen

The dollar will depreciate against the yen

The exchange rates will remain the same

The yen will appreciate against the dollar

0.5 points   

Question 28 

A _____ means the value of the currency is fixed relative to a reference currency.

pegged exchange rate

dynamic exchange rate

floating exchange rate    

fixed exchange rate

0.5 points   

Question 29 

The gold standard had its origin in the use of _____ as a medium of exchange, unit 

of account, and store of value.

the U.S. dollar

the British pound

paper currency

gold coins

0.5 points   

Question 30 

The great strength claimed for the gold standard was that it contained a powerful mechanism for achieving _____ by all countries.

balance-of-trade equilibrium

economic stability

interest rate parity

equal tariff levels

0.5 points   

Question 31 

Market makers are:

financial service companies that connect investors and borrowers.

those who want to borrow money including individuals, companies, and governments.

nonbank financial institutions who want to invest money.

high net worth individuals with surplus cash to reinvest.

0.5 points   

Question 32 

All of the following are benefits of global capital markets, except:

they increase the supply of funds available to borrowers.

that the risk to the investment portfolio is reduced to below what could be achieved in a purely domestic capital market.

they provide a wider range of investment opportunities to investors.

they have higher cost of capital as compared to purely domestic capital markets.

0.5 points   

Question 33 

Which of the following statements is not true?

The way to increase the profitability of a firm is to create more value.

The amount of value a firm creates is measured by the difference between its costs of production and the value that consumers perceive in its products.

The more value customers place on a firm's products, the higher the price the firm is able to charge for those products.

The price a firm charges for a good or service is typically more than the value the customer places on that good or service.

0.5 points   

Question 34 

The price a firm charges for a good or service is typically less than the value placed on that good or service by the customer. This is because:

the customer's disposable income is significantly higher than what the market demands.

the customer captures some of that value in the form of a consumer surplus.

regulatory mechanisms ensure that the customer is not overcharged for products/services.

marketers implement psychological pricing tactics to ensure that customers perceive the prices to be low.

0.5 points   

Question 35 

Which of the following is an example of a primary activity in a firm's value chain?

Information systems

Research and development

Logistics

Human relations

0.5 points   

Question 36 

When companies disperse different stages of the value chain to those locations around the world where perceived value is maximized or where the costs of value creation are minimized, companies create:

a differentiated organization.

a location economy curve.

economies of scale.

a global web of value creation activities.

0.5 points   

Question 37 

For U.S. firms, the most comprehensive source of export opportunities information is the:

Small Business Administration.

U.S. Department of Commerce.

Federal Trade Commission.

foreign embassy.

0.5 points   

Question 38 

A "best prospects" list:

gives the names and addresses of potential distributors in the domestic market.

is provided by the United States and Foreign Commercial Service Agency.

can provide a firm free, customized market research survey on any product.

provides information gathering, technical assistance, and export subsidies.

0.5 points   

Question 39 

According to Levitt, which of the following statements is true?

Technology drives the world toward a converging commonalty.

There are accustomed differences in national preferences.

The multinational corporation operates in a number of countries at low relative costs.

The global corporation operates with resolute consistency at high relative costs.

0.5 points   

Question 40 

Which of the following statements is false?

Product reliability may be a more important attribute in most advanced countries.

Consumers in highly developed countries tend to build a lot of extra performance attributes into their products.

Consumers in the most developed countries are often not willing to sacrifice their preferred attributes for lower prices.

Consumers in the most advanced countries often shun globally standardized products that have been developed with the lowest common denominator in mind.

0.5 points   

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  • mastersolution
    mastersolution
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    ANSWER
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