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QUESTION

# What is neutralization?

A reaction is very much like a double replacement reaction, however, in a neutralization reaction the reactants are always an acid and a base and the products are always a salt and water.

The basic reaction for a double replacement react takes the following format:

AB + CD -> CB + AD

we will look at an example as Sulfuric Acid and Potassium Hydroxide neutralize each other in the following reaction:

H_2SO_4 + 2KOH -> K_2SO_4 + 2H_2O

In a neutralization reaction between an acid and a base the typical outcome is a salt formed by the positive ion from the base and the negative ion from the acid. In this case the positive potassium ion (K^+) and the polyatomic sulfate (SO_4) to for m the salt K_2SO_4.

The positive hydrogen (H^+) from the acid and the negative hydroxide ion (OH^-) from the base form the water HOH or H_2O.

I hope this was helpful. SMARTERTEACHER