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QUESTION

# What is the chemical equation for magnesium chloride + oxygen ---&gt; magnesium chlorate?

Magnesium Chloride + Oxygen produces Magnesium Chlorate.

Magnesium Chloride is an ionic compound. The Magnesium has a charge of Mg^(+2) and Chlorine has a charge of Cl^-1. We need 2 chloride ions to balance one magnesium ion making the formula MgCl_2.

Magnesium Chlorate is an ionic compound. The Magnesium has a charge of Mg^(+2) and Chlorate has a charge of ClO_3^-1. We need 2 chlorate ions to balance one magnesium ion making the formula Mg(ClO_3)_2.

MgCl_2 + O_2 -> Mg(ClO_3)_2

Keep in mind that oxygen is diatomic and therefore must be O_2.

To balance the equation we place a coefficient of 3 in front of the oxygen.

MgCl_2 + 3O_2 -> Mg(ClO_3)_2

I hope this was helpful. SMARTERTEACHER