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QUESTION

# Why are noble gases monatomic, if they are?

Because their atoms have very, very stable electron configurations.

Noble gases are located in group 18 of the and have extremely stable .

With the exception of helium, "He", which has duet, all noble gases have a complete , i.e. 8 in their outermost shell.

If you judge chemical reactivity by an atom's "desire" to obtain a complete octet, then noble gases would justifiably be very, very unreactive. Their atoms have no reason to react with each other in order to form, for example, diatomic molecules.

Their atoms are as stable as they can possibly be on their own, that's why noble gases are monoatomic.