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QUESTION

# Why is benzene nonpolar?

Benzene is nonpolar because it is a symmetrical molecule in which all the bond cancel.

The structure of benzene is

It is a flat molecule with the shape of a regular hexagon.

We could say that benzene is nonpolar because it is a hydrocarbon that contains only "C-C" and "C-H" bonds, and hydrocarbons are nonpolar.

But "C" is slightly more electronegative than "H" (by 0.35 units), so a "C-H" bond is very slightly polar and has a small dipole moment.

However, each "C-H" bond has a partner that points in exactly the opposite direction.

The bond dipoles cancel exactly, so benzene has a zero dipole moment.

This makes benzene a nonpolar molecule.