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Write a 11 pages paper on counseling students with learning disabilities. Learning disability is neither a mental condition nor a psychiatric disorder. Learning disabilities occur due to anomalies in
Write a 11 pages paper on counseling students with learning disabilities. Learning disability is neither a mental condition nor a psychiatric disorder. Learning disabilities occur due to anomalies in the brain structure and can be inherited. Toxins in utero or in a person’s early environment can also cause learning disabilities (Helpguide, 1996). Learning Disabilities Association of America (2001) states that students with learning disabilities have normal or potentially normal intelligence but manifest disabilities of perceptual, conceptual, or coordinative nature (cited by Melody, 2002). According to Brinckerhoff (1994), neurologically-based learning disabilities manifest themselves in different ways (cited by Milsom & Hartley, 2005). The disability in each student may be unique and manifests itself in different ways, according to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). There is no upper limit set to determine intelligence or disability, hence, the definition proposed by the Association for Children and Adults with Learning Disabilities (1985) included the phrase "average and superior intelligence" could occur concomitantly with disability (cited by Brody & Mills, 1997). This suggests that a disabled child can be gifted at the same time. For instance, a child who struggles with reading, writing, and spelling may be very good at math and science.
These definitions lead us to believe that a specific learning disability is unique to any individual and it can manifest in many ways. The method of diagnosis, impact and counseling would also vary accordingly. A person with average or above-average intelligence may be unable to achieve certain things at a particular age and such a person is identified as having a learning disability. The discrepancy between ability and achievement may either be overlooked or taken as ‘laziness’ by those who have not been .trained to identify learning disabilities. .