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The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was one of the greatest legacies in America during the 1960s. It brought about so much change as it effected equality, not just in race but in all areas of segregation. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 not only effected the discrimination between races, wether that be by color or natural origin, but also effected that of gender equality and rights for woman, and also religion. This act not only allowed many more people of different race and gender to receive job opportunities otherwise closed of, but also gave them equal access to public facilities and other such accommodations. It impacted the pull of the American voters greatly as it gave everyone a say in the matters of political parties, and voting. It also greatly effected the adolescents and youth of that day as it allowed them to attend schools with mixed race. These changes not only changed the 1960s greatly but also effected the very structure we live on today. While there will unfortunately always be discrimination, sexism, and racism in individuals who do not see or believe in equality, it does not change the fact that people of all religions, sex, race, and ethnicity, have the same opportunity to strive for greatness, to grow, and to succeed in the United States of America. The fire that was started over 50 years ago, still burns today as we have been proven by the past, that not only can one believe in and hope for change, but they can actually succeed and see it happen.
2. What would you argue were the greatest legacies in terms of social and cultural changes during the 1960s and why? Where do we see these changes today?
The greatest legacies in in social and cultural changes during the 1960s boiled down to the right of Amercians.
As women struggled to become equals with white men, a book by the name of The Feminine Mystique came out. The book was written by Betty Friden, a Women's rights leader and activist. When she did her research, he noticed that many women were housewives and dissatisfied and as it turned out, they were career-minded seeking more than duties as a mother and wife. The book transformed American society by sparking the women's movement in the 1960s and 1970s. Although she was criticized for mainly speaking for white women and working with men, she balanced other, more radical, women's rights leaders. Because of the research she did and the book that was published, she was able to help create a culture where men and women are more equal in the choices they make on living their lives.
Additionally, you have the civil rights movements that were making great strides during the 1960s. President Kennedy even thanked the southern states for the progress in our social and cultural development by allowing students, of any race, attend some of the top universities and implies that in this decade we are making headway to move away from the last 100 years of racial issues. Additionally, we had great leaders of the civil rights movement like Martin Luther King, who delivered the famous "I have a dream" speech in 1963. The speech identified many areas where America, and Americans, needed to improve to allow all people, regardless of race, to be treated equally. Not long after this speech, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was written into law. This Act made discrimation based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin illegal when it came to equal access to publich areas, employment and schools.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Martin Luther King's, "I have a dream speech" - http://www.sageamericanhistory.net/postww2domestic/documents/KingDream.htm
President Kennedy's Radio and Television Report to the Nation on the Situation at the University of Mississippi