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Compose a 4250 words essay on Developmental Dyscalculia. Needs to be plagiarism free!Download file to see previous pages A new system should be based upon different approaches to education, depending
Compose a 4250 words essay on Developmental Dyscalculia. Needs to be plagiarism free!Download file to see previous pages
A new system should be based upon different approaches to education, depending upon the differences in the level of students' development, their skills, and including the most effective methods that are suggested by various approaches to development and education.
There are many ideas concerning the definition of dyscalculia, major characteristics of this condition, as well at the causes that make it appear. Some researchers speak of it as of a definite deficit of a fundamental ability of operating with numbers and understanding them. This deficit then results in learning process connected to arithmetical operations. This notion is supported by the proposal that a human is born with a definite ability that helps us understand and operate the numbers, with this ability integrated into special neural circuits. Different groups of psychologists during several decades observed the ontogeny of mathematical conceptions, and noticed the kid's growing recognition of the reasons of the fact that two set reveal identical numerosity, and understanding all kinds of operations that could or couldn't influence this numerosity. According to the recent findings, the babies in the first weeks of their lives reveal the capacity for distinguishing between visible objects, even in movement, and this capacity is functioning basing upon numerosity. They also may mentally represent and operate these objects when they are out of visibility. These capacities are considered to be a basis for a formation of a kit that is developed as a child grows, and the bad functioning of this capacity causes developmental dyscalculia. (1)
The other group of scientists insists that difficulties in operating with numbers and connected to mathematics, appear as a result of destruction, or a series of destructions in cognitive systems, like memory or spatial thinking. This approach is an alternative to the one described above. According to their findings, a baby is born not with an embodied capacity for operating numerosities, but with ability for recognizing quantities and a knowledge of an integrated list of number words that helps in operating the numbers above four. According to this approach, the linguistic difficulties influence the development of the capacity for operating the numbers, inspite of the fact that these two spheres do not merge.
These two approaches and some other ideas will be discussed further in this essay. Before giving a detailed view of these approaches, it is necessary to describe the nature of dyscalculia, its major characteristics, and the reasons for it to appear.
At first, it is often difficult to recognize the dyscalculia, as there are many reasons for bad results in mathematics. For instance, a student may fail in math in case of bad teaching, or non-attending the lessons of math, or absence of interest to the subject. These circumstances may cause mistakes in diagnosing. Some people may find a cause of fail in the specific features of characters, such as laziness. Some authors combine developmental dyscalculia with dyslexia, difficulties in literacy, as they have similar symptoms.
Developmental dyscalculia is mainly characterized by specific disability in learning mathematics.