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Hello, I am looking for someone to write an essay on Method / Stroop effect. It needs to be at least 2750 words.Download file to see previous pages... Numerical Stroop effect was tested in a sample po
Hello, I am looking for someone to write an essay on Method / Stroop effect. It needs to be at least 2750 words.Download file to see previous pages...
Numerical Stroop effect was tested in a sample population of mixed genders and ages (n=121, males=32 and females=89, age range=15-47 years). Independent variable is the four categories of tests, while the dependent variable was the response times of the participants, measured in seconds. This study obtained RT means for each test, with RT from incongruent conditions (condition 3 mean=18.1s, SD=3.4s) being significantly-different compared with neutral (condition 1 mean=11.1 s, SD=1.9s, and condition 4 mean=12.2s, SD=2.2s) and congruent conditions (condition 2 mean=13.1s, SD=1.9s). The test results further supports earlier Stroop effect studies regarding observable delays in response times caused by Stroop inhibition among people. Stroop Effect and the Influence of Numeration Delays in response times due to distractions that can be audio-visual may seem out of the ordinary, but this phenomenon actually has a long history in the realm of psychology. This phenomenon is known as the Stroop effect and is considered to be one of the most recognizable or at the very least notable phenomenon that students of Psychology or Introductory Psychology courses can recall due to the instant and observable response delays caused by conflicting cues (MacLeod, 1992). One of the most well-known Stroop test is telling the ink or font color of color words after reading a list of neutral-colored words as fast and as accurate as possible. For example, reading a list of color words printed in black, then reading colored color words such as saying the red-inked word “blue” is colored “red” or of the word “green” colored with a green font color as “green”, and so on, with most participants having slower response times or response latency to the test involving colored fonts compared to the neutral-colored texts (Hintzman, et al., 1972. MacLeod, 1991. Stroop, 1935). Experiments on Stroop Effect The Stroop effect was not originally coined or established by the researcher whose name was used for this term, but John Ridley Stroop’s experiment on the individual and interacting effects of color words and the colors used for these color words generated more theories on the development and automation of cognitive processes and responses among humans through observation of the effects of interferences on attention to stimuli due to conflicts in cues (Cohen, Dunbar, &. McClelland, 1990. Hintzman, et al., 1972. Liotti, et al., 2000. MacLeod, 1991. Simon &. Berbaum, 1992. Stroop, 1935. Tzelgov, Henik, &. Berger, 1992). Psychologists studying the Stroop effect mostly worked on how the interference affects cognitive processes in the brain and is resolved through repetition of stimuli and a development of an automation process from such stimuli. This comes from the ability of several parts of the brain nearly getting simulated at the same time and causing confusions, as supported by some experiments on Stroop effect that produced similar interferences as well even though the tests did not use a combination of colors and words in a single language but other symbols such as numbers and shapes, as well as words from other languages (MacLeod, 1991. Stroop, 1935. Tzelgov, et al., 1992).