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Hi, I need help with essay on Explain in detail what constitutes effective and appropriate parenting. Address stages of childhood from infancy to young adulthood. Reference Erik Erickson and jean Piag
Hi, I need help with essay on Explain in detail what constitutes effective and appropriate parenting. Address stages of childhood from infancy to young adulthood. Reference Erik Erickson and jean Piagets theories. Paper must be at least 500 words. Please, no plagiarized work!
This is important so that children can develop the four basic ways of organizing their intellectual internalization of the world around them.
In the first year of life, the infant is resolving trust (McLeod). Good parenting requires being consistently responsive to the child’s needs, so that the child learns the world is a place where needs can be satisfactorily met. If parents are unresponsive, harsh or inconsistent (ignoring or shouting in a hostile manner, for example), the child learns that the world is an unsafe place and that no one cares about his/her needs (McLeod). The child learns to distinguish trustable parents from not-as-trustable strangers. Supporting this means the parent will maintain eye and tactile contact, giving clues. The infant is engaged in exploration of the environment and organizing it in a sensori-motor way (touching, tasting, smelling, banging things, becoming mobile) (Driskell). Good parenting includes providing a safe environment in which the infant can explore and gain experience with sensations and movement .
Parenting a toddler involves supporting emerging independence and letting go, balanced with secure attachment, being there for the child but encouraging exploration (McLeod). In the pre-school and kindergarten years, the child should be supported in making decisions, forming a healthy conscience, and gaining answers to questions the child feels are important (McLeod), Good parenting involves supporting pre-operational development, by providing resources to encourage imaginative play. Encouraging the imagination, and understanding the difference between lying and imagination is important to good parenting (Driskell).
The elementary school age child needs to develop a sense of mastery or expertise, as well as permission to not be an expert in everything (McLeod). Encouraging the